Map: Which countries are accepting Ukrainian refugees? | Infographic News

Almost 120,000 individuals have fled Ukraine into Poland and different neighbouring international locations within the wake of Russia’s invasion, the UN has mentioned.

Almost 120,000 individuals have fled Ukraine into Poland and different neighbouring international locations within the wake of Russia’s invasion, the UN refugee company (UNHCR) has mentioned.

Automobiles have been backed up for a number of kilometres at some border crossings as authorities in Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova mobilised to obtain Ukrainians and supply shelter, meals and authorized assist. Filippo Grandi, the UN’s excessive commissioner for refugees, mentioned most of those that had left had headed to Poland and Moldova.

A lot of the arrivals had been ladies and kids. All males aged between 18 and 60 have been banned from leaving the nation to take up arms and battle.

Poland, which was already residence to an estimated 1.5 million Ukrainians earlier than Russia’s invasion and which has expressed steadfast help for Ukraine, has to this point seen the majority of these fleeing Ukraine cross into its territory.

INTERACTIVE- Where are Ukrainians fleeing day 3 - 120000[Al Jazeera]

International visa necessities for Ukrainians

On Friday, Eire introduced it was instantly lifting visa necessities for Ukrainians. The UN mentioned the variety of individuals looking for refuge outdoors of Ukraine to different international locations may rise to 5 million. A number of European international locations are making ready for an inflow of Ukrainian refugees and have provided humanitarian assist. The US mentioned it was offering emergency support however signalled that Europe must be their main vacation spot.

Ukrainians can journey to some 140 international locations and territories with out the necessity for a visa or with a visa on arrival. The map beneath reveals the visa necessities for Ukrainians as of February 26.

INTERACTIVE- Visa requirements for Ukrainians[Al Jazeera]

Closed airspace and cancelled flights

Ukraine closed its airspace to civilian flights on February 24, citing a excessive threat to security. Russia additionally closed its airspace for civilian flights on its western border with Ukraine and Belarus. A number of airways have cancelled flights to Kyiv. The European Union mentioned it could prohibit exports of plane components to Russia.

In current weeks, dozens of nations have urged their residents to depart Ukraine. Many airways have typically averted flying over jap Ukraine since 2014, after Malaysia Airways flight MH17, flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, was shot down over separatist-held territory. All 298 individuals on board, 198 of whom had been Dutch residents, had been killed.

The map beneath reveals the flights over Europe on February 26.

INTERACTIVE- Closed airspace and cancelled flights over Ukraine[Al Jazeera]

Ukraine’s foremost inhabitants centres

Ukraine has an estimated inhabitants of 44 million – the seventh-largest in Europe. The nation includes 24 areas, generally known as oblasts. The nation’s inhabitants has declined because the Nineties with fertility charges among the many lowest on the earth. As of 2020, Ukraine’s fertility fee was simply 1.2. For context, to ensure that a inhabitants to stay secure, an general whole fertility fee of two.1 is required.

Ukraine is the second-largest nation in Europe, after Russia. At 603,550sq km (233,031sq miles), Ukraine is a bit smaller than the US state of Texas, about thrice smaller than India, half the scale of South Africa and about two and a half instances the scale of the UK.

The map beneath reveals the place the nation’s inhabitants are concentrated.

INTERACTIVE- Ukraine main population centres 2021[Al Jazeera]

Battle at a look

After months of tensions and intense diplomacy, Russian forces launched a “particular navy operation” in Ukraine on February 24. Explosions had been heard throughout the nation. Kyiv declared martial regulation, saying Ukraine will defend itself.

On Saturday, combating reached the streets of Ukraine’s capital as Russia presses forward with its invasion. Beneath is a abstract of the battle at a look.

INTERACTIVE- Conflict at a glance[Al Jazeera]

Sci-Hub downloads show countries where pirate paper site is most used

Sci-Hub library seen on the screen of laptop and a student in front of it.

Researchers worldwide have used Sci-Hub to entry thousands and thousands of papers. Credit score: Alamy

Obtain figures for Sci-Hub, the favored however controversial web site that hosts pirated copies of scientific papers, reveal the place persons are utilizing the positioning most. The statistics present that customers accessing Sci-Hub from China are by far probably the most lively — and that with greater than 25 million downloads, utilization in China outstrips the remainder of the highest ten international locations mixed (see ‘International useful resource’).

Maybe surprisingly, the figures additionally present that america, in second place, has about one-third as many downloads, at 9.3 million. “There’s a widespread opinion that Sci-Hub is of no use in america, as a result of universities have cash to pay for subscriptions, however that isn’t true,” says Alexandra Elbakyan, the positioning’s founder.

The statistics are up to date every day and present the variety of downloads from every nation over the previous month — however they aren’t normalized for the scale of the analysis inhabitants.

GLOBAL RESOURCE. Graphic showing articles downloaded from Sci-Hub in the last month. Data correct as of 24th February 2022.

Supply: Sci-Hub

The info additionally counsel that researchers in international locations whose universities lack the sources to pay for bulk subscriptions are making heavy use of the service. Many countries with fewer scientific sources seem in within the high 20, together with Brazil (2.8 million downloads), Mexico (750,000) and Colombia (375,000). That doesn’t shock Juan Carlos Correa, an information scientist on the Prague College of Economics and Enterprise. “Latin America shouldn’t be a area the place scientists get pleasure from aggressive remuneration in contrast with different areas,” he says. “Most establishments in Latin America lack sources to pay subscription-based companies similar to these supplied by massive editorial corporations.”

Limiting components

The info include a number of essential caveats. The figures embody solely downloads from authentic Sci-Hub web sites, not any reproduction or ‘mirror’ web site, which might have excessive site visitors in locations the place the unique area is banned. And digital non-public networks (VPNs), which are sometimes used to avoid bans in international locations similar to the UK, can skew the outcomes by making it seem that customers are in a special nation. That is most likely why the Seychelles sometimes seems amongst Sci-Hub’s high 20 international locations — the tiny island nation hosts a number of in style VPN companies. And an ongoing authorized battle in India might be affecting use among the many nation’s researchers. With 1.8 million downloads, India is in fifth place on the record, regardless of having the second-highest variety of particular person customers, in response to Elbakyan.

Juan Pablo Alperin, co-director of the Scholarly Communications Lab at Simon Fraser College in Vancouver, Canada, cautions in opposition to studying an excessive amount of right into a single month’s knowledge. “On the very least, I’d have a look at a 12 months of information, the place there may be some correction for the totally different tutorial calendars. For instance, a lot of South America takes holidays in January and February, so these numbers are most likely considerably depressed,” he says. Normalizing for inhabitants, analysis funding or variety of printed outputs would additionally present extra helpful comparisons, he provides.

Regardless of these limitations, Correa says it’s clear from the info that Sci-Hub is fulfilling a necessity in lots of elements of the world. “Sci-Hub has highlighted how a really passionate group in direction of scientific endeavours exploits various mechanisms to entry scientific literature,” he says.