Ukrainians rush to Slovakian border in desperate bid to get to safety

The chilly winter photo voltaic rises over the Carpathian mountain range. A kilometer-long convoy of automobiles has formed in entrance of crucial Ukrainian-Slovak border crossing, Vysne Nemecke.

Numerous of Ukrainians are already standing on the very best of the hill the place the freeway leads proper all the way down to the Ukrainian customs — all of them are fleeing the battle of their nation, making an attempt to cross the border and get to safety in Slovakia in the European Union.
The gang principally consists of women and kids, from infants to children. The toddlers are in strollers or of their mothers’ arms. Most people are merely carrying backpacks, large purses or shopping for baggage.
There are hardly any males in line and people which are, are solely proper right here to escort their households to the border. Vasil Balchuk, a Ukrainian man in his 50s, has launched his partner and kids proper right here.
“My partner, daughter-in-law and kids are going to kin throughout the Czech Republic,” he says. “I’m in the intervening time serving throughout the territorial safety of Uzhhorod. If the Russians come proper right here too, I will fight. I’ve educated throughout the navy.”
Like a lot of his compatriots, Balchuk firmly believes that the Russian navy is likely to be defeated by Ukraine: “We’ve got to keep up Kyiv for quite a lot of further days, then Putin is likely to be pressured to barter. And an unbiased Ukraine will survive.”
Nonetheless, he believes the state of affairs is simply too dangerous for his partner and kids and prefers sending them to a protected worldwide nation.

Escape to the Czech Republic

The prepared time on the border seems numerous, for hours the street of automobiles would not switch the least bit or solely at a snail’s tempo. The border clearance staff is sluggish, notably on the Ukrainian aspect. Within the meantime, further people from Ukraine protect arriving with the street of automobiles getting ever longer. Troopers from the Ukrainian border guard wrestle to maintain order.

Map of Uzhhorod and Lviv in Ukraine

Volunteer firefighters and help staff provide water, tea and refreshments for these prepared. They’ve moreover prepare a giant tent for people to warmth up a bit. Nevertheless no one from the prolonged queue in entrance of the border crossing heads there, afraid of dropping their hard-won spot throughout the line.
“People, no pushing! We cannot assist you to in until we get instructions,” the commander of the Slovakian border guard unit retains shouting. No exceptions are made, solely diplomatic cars have priority.
Tatiana needs to cross the border alongside together with her 4 children. “We will Kolin in central Bohemia to go to my husband, he works on a constructing web site there,” she explains in fluent Czech. There are plenty of people proper right here with ties to the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and that’s the place they want to go.

A checkered earlier

Carpathian Ukraine, in the intervening time the Ukrainian space of Transcarpathia, was the easternmost part of what was Czechoslovakia between the world wars.
In 1945, however, it was annexed by the Stalinist Soviet Union in a violation of the 1943 Czechoslovak-Soviet State Settlement. Due to this, 1000’s of residents left their properties for Czechoslovakia. After the collapse of the USSR, completely different Carpatho-Ukrainians joined them to work on constructing web sites and in factories throughout the successor states of Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
As we communicate, about 100,000 immigrants from Ukraine have Czech citizenship, and 200,000 keep utterly throughout the Czech Republic. About 10,000 Ukrainians keep in Slovakia with an unlimited chunk belonging to the ethnic Ukrainian minority, which settled primarily in Presov and near the Ukrainian border. There, place names and street indicators are every in Slovakian and Ukrainian.

bust of President Tomas Masaryk
In Uzhhorod, there are numerous reminders of its Czech earlier like this bust of President Tomas Masaryk

Throughout the Ukrainian metropolis of Uzhhorod itself, there are a selection of reminders of the Czech earlier. A district with buildings of the Czechoslovak authorities from the Thirties is a throwback to the time sooner than 1945. There’s moreover a monument to the first Czechoslovakian president, Tomas Masaryk.
The bridge over the Uh River will also be named after him, as is an space school. “Masaryk’s Jubilee School” says a sign in Czech on the doorway to the developing.

Hub for refugees

As we communicate, Uzhhorod has 100,000 inhabitants. Sooner than the pandemic, town with its picturesque location was highly regarded with vacationers. Now, all resorts, guesthouses and hostels are completely booked by refugees from Ukraine.
“I have no idea the place to start working,” says Natalia from the Hostel Kakadu. “We’re totally overcrowded, and new people identify regularly asking for lodging.”
The hostel, she says, is now a refugee camp, housing people from all through Ukraine, nevertheless principally households with children and loads of with pets.
“That’s the ultimate cat. No further pets,” Natalia tells the model new arrivals. Although she would possibly, she has not raised prices. “You shouldn’t earn a residing from battle,” she says. Many alternative locals see it the equivalent method.
People in and spherical Uzhhorod think about that the battle started by Russia isn’t going to unfold proper right here. “We’re protected by the mountains of the Carpathians, which are as a lot as 2,000 meters extreme, and the proximity to NATO nations similar to the Czech Republic or Slovakia,” Oleksandr Macucha acknowledged all through a dialogue with mates over a beer throughout the evening. ”
If the Russians want to come proper right here, we’re going to look ahead to them throughout the mountains. They won’t get through,” he offers
A buddy of Macucha’s isn’t so sure. “The mountains can not stop bombers and missiles. They could assault us tomorrow,” the marginally older Arseniy says.

‘We’re stopping for Europe’

Every the geographic proximity to Slovakia — and thus to the West —and the historic ties of the people on each aspect of the Ukrainian border has raised questions on why the realm is being left to fend for itself.
“We’ve got now monuments to Masaryk proper right here, we used to belong to Czechoslovakia. Why don’t the Czechs, Slovakians and all of Europe come to our help now?” asks Vasil, a cab driver.

Thousands of people waiting near the Slovak-Ukrainian border
In newest days, the numbers of Ukrainian refugees on the Slovakian border have been rising

An aged Ukrainian woman on the border crossing asks Slovak President Zuzana Caputova for help. “Please help Ukraine, Madam President. We want to get to Europe. Putin is attacking not solely Ukraine, however as well as you, Europe. In Ukraine, we’re stopping for Europe.”
On the border crossings, every the Czech Republic and Slovakia are serving to the refugees. Throughout the first week, about 70,000 refugees crossed the border into Slovakia. Most of them have moved on to Ukrainian kin and mates throughout the Czech Republic, whereas just some thousand have stayed in Slovakia so far.
“The first stream of refugees hasn’t started however. And it’ll doubtless be so much, so much bigger,” an official from Slovakia’s presidential office suggested DW. “Nevertheless we’re ready, we’ll accommodate tens of 1000’s of refugees from Ukraine in our nation.”

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Energy costs in Germany push up inflation for the month of February

In keeping with contemporary figures, client costs jumped by greater than 5% in February. Specialists have warned that rising inflation may be right here to remain because of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which has sparked widespread worry.
At a fuel station in Munich, Germany, the present worth of gasoline is proven. As a consequence of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, vitality prices are anticipated to proceed excessive. Gasoline and diesel costs in Germany have been constantly breaking information. On Tuesday, the German authorities launched official statistics displaying that inflation climbed once more in February. The Russian invasion of Ukraine has scuppered possibilities of financial revival in Europe’s greatest financial system, which had beforehand been anticipated to decrease inflation.
What have been the statements of the authorities?
In keeping with preliminary statistics issued by Germany’s Federal Statistical Workplace, Destatis, client costs climbed by 5.3% in February over the identical month final yr. In keeping with a press assertion, the inflation price elevated by 0.9 % from January. In December 2021, month-to-month inflation within the nation was at 5.3 %, the best stage in over 30 years.
In February, why was inflation so excessive?
Because of “vitality product prices,” in addition to “supply bottlenecks and appreciable worth rises at upstream levels of the financial course of,” the inflation price in February was predominantly influenced by these elements, Destatis added. As a consequence of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the sanctions imposed, German authorities described these current strains as “superimposed.” It’s doable that sanctions and market turbulence triggered by the graduation of battle in February could have a larger influence in March, though Destatis didn’t comment on this chance.
What are the repercussions of the confrontation between Russia and Ukraine?
Russia’s financial system has already been impacted by the conflict and sanctions imposed by Western nations, and vitality costs in Europe have been affected. Many European nations rely closely on Russian oil and fuel. An AFP report cited KfW’s chief economist, Fritzi Koehler-Geib, as saying, “The event of fuel and crude oil costs is predicted to stay essential for the event of German client costs within the coming months.”
She went on to say that additional sanctions imposed by the US and Europe may result in “new will increase.” For the subsequent a number of months, HQ Belief’s senior economist, Michael Heise, predicts that inflation will proceed round 5% or so. As a result of Ukraine battle, vitality prices will not be projected to fall any time quickly, in keeping with Heise.
After that, what occurs?
Inflation estimates for the Eurozone are anticipated on Wednesday after Germany’s knowledge is launched. Eurozone inflation can be a serious topic of dialogue when the European Central Financial institution (ECB) meets subsequent week, with some analysts anticipating extra fast tightening financial coverage to fight the results of the conflict.
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The Weirdest Product at MWC 2022 Is a Sleep-Aid Gas Dispenser


Gosleep says it is aware of the optimum setup for getting you off to the land of nod because it makes use of sound-tracking to observe your complete sleep time, variety of snores, deep sleep, sleep weight-reduction plan (while you get up within the morning and the way a lot REM, mild, or deep sleep you get), and sleep enchancment (how your snooze time progresses whereas utilizing the product). For those who suppose there appears to be some crossover between these classes, we agree. Gosleep says the advertising literature shouldn’t be finalized.

As no good sleep is full with no nice morning wake-up, Gosleep has that coated too. At your set time to rise, the arm will give off a recent air aroma—together with added oxygen and a scent—and lift the sunshine ranges within the arm to softly rouse you, hopefully refreshed.

{Photograph}: GoSleep

Gosleep says its system is for common commuters, shift employees, dad and mom, and college students—however we’re not sure why older generations and everybody else aren’t deserving of a refreshing night time’s sleep. Additional, as an digital system with out want for prescription, Gosleep says it might provide help with sleeping difficulties and issues.

However, hold on. Wouldn’t the considered having further carbon dioxide whirling round your mouth and nostril when you sleep hold you up at night time? It’s a particularly worthy concern, as excessive ranges of CO2 could cause everlasting mind harm and result in comas, and even to dying. And even when it isn’t doubtlessly harmful, will it even work?

On the latter, WIRED spoke to the identical Stephen Snow, postdoctoral analysis fellow from College of Queensland, whom Gosleep cites in its personal literature. However Snow says there’s a lack of correlation between his paper and what Gosleep’s leaflet says it demonstrates.

“I see they’ve cited this paper as saying that CO2 in an indoor area ‘stimulates the medulla oblongata within the mind, making individuals hazy and drowsy.’ This is likely to be true, however we do not point out the medulla oblongata on this paper,” Snow says. “So it isn’t technically an accurate attribution to this particular paper.” Additional, Snow says each this paper and one other he has authored sought to check the impact of CO2 on “work means (i.e., drowsiness).” That is notably vital as, in accordance with Snow, drowsiness isn’t fairly the identical as sleepiness, and, moreover, his paper didn’t attain any robust conclusions on the topic.

European gas prices hit record high as Russia supply fears grow | Russia-Ukraine war News


Regardless of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, fuel deliveries from Russia to Europe by its varied pipelines have thus far remained largely unchanged.

European and British fuel costs soared on Wednesday, with a benchmark Dutch fuel value hitting a file excessive as international locations mentioned European Union sanctions towards Russia might goal fuel shipments, whereas some cargos of Russian liquefied fuel modified course.

The UK on Monday ordered that Russian-associated vessels be blocked from its ports, whereas officers from some EU international locations have mentioned the 27-country bloc is contemplating a ban on Russian ships.

The European Parliament on Tuesday referred to as for the EU to shut its ports to Russian ships or ships going to or from Russia.

Though the Parliament doesn’t set sanctions and its vote on Tuesday was nonbinding, merchants mentioned it confirmed the course of journey for potential tightening of measures towards Russia, which provides round 40 % of the EU bloc’s pure fuel.

Not all international locations get provide immediately from Russia, but when international locations reminiscent of Germany, the most important client of Russian fuel, obtain much less from Russia, they have to change this from elsewhere, as an illustration, Norway, which has a knock-on impact on accessible fuel for different international locations.

The benchmark Dutch front-month fuel contract on the TTF hub hit a file intraday excessive of $205 (185 euros) a tonne on Wednesday – simply beating the earlier excessive of $204 (184.95 euros), seen final December when Russian flows by the most important Yamal pipeline started sending fuel eastwards in reverse.

The UK front-month contract hit 384 pence a therm, its second-highest ever degree amid reviews Russian cargos of liquefied pure fuel have been being diverted away from UK ports.

“The value transfer at present shouldn’t be based mostly on elementary modifications to the European fuel balances,” mentioned Leon Izbicki, European pure fuel analyst at Vitality Elements.

“The principle driver behind the sharp rise within the TTF is a perceived enhance within the danger of European sanctions concentrating on Russian vitality exports,” he mentioned.

Regardless of the continued warfare in Ukraine, bodily deliveries of fuel from Russia to Europe by its varied pipelines have thus far remained largely unchanged.

Even fuel deliveries coming from Russia by way of pipelines by Ukraine have remained strong. Capability nominations for provide to Slovakia from Ukraine by way of the Velke Kapusany border level have been anticipated to hit their highest degree thus far in 2022, at 881,917 megawatt hours on Wednesday.

However merchants and analysts mentioned that because the warfare and sanctions escalate, so do the probabilities that this might change, which is inflicting the massive value beneficial properties.

“With the potential provide disruption from Russia reverberating all through the European vitality market, risky vitality costs are more likely to proceed for the foreseeable future,” mentioned Craig Lowrey, senior marketing consultant at Cornwall Perception.

Poll: Utahns feeling inflation most on gas, groceries, housing, health


Present gas costs are displayed at a Sinclair on 700 East in Salt Lake Metropolis on Thursday. Inflation is the present high financial problem for Utahns, who say they’re feeling it most in paying for primary life requirements. (Spenser Heaps, Deseret Information)

Estimated learn time: 5-6 minutes

SALT LAKE CITY — The best U.S. inflation in some 40 years is the present high financial problem for Utahns, they usually say they’re feeling it most on the subject of paying for primary life requirements.

The findings are from a brand new Deseret Information/Hinckley Institute of Politics ballot that discovered inflation was the No. 1 financial concern for Utahns with 50% of respondents score it as essentially the most urgent fiscal problem. Housing prices have been the following greatest financial woe with 27% giving it high billing.

And on the subject of figuring out their spending ache factors amid widespread value will increase, meals and shelter have been practically neck and neck as essentially the most problematic.

With 34% of ballot contributors calling out groceries as their high spending concern amid rising inflation, housing prices earned a primary rating from 32% of respondents and gasoline costs have been a distant third with 12%. Well being care prices additionally ranked among the many high 4, with 11% of these polled citing it as their primary concern.

The findings are from a ballot carried out Feb. 7-17 by Dan Jones & Associates of 808 registered Utah voters. The info has a margin of error of plus or minus 3.45 share factors.

The newest statewide survey extends a pattern revealed in Deseret Information polling going again to final 12 months that has seen rising nervousness amongst Utahns over inflation-driven value will increase.

Poll: Utahns feeling inflation most on gas, groceries, housing, health
Picture: Deseret Information

Final July, some 85% of Deseret Information ballot contributors mentioned they have been “considerably” or “very” involved about inflation, however that determine rose to 93% in a survey carried out in early February. And people sentiments have been shared simply days earlier than a brand new federal information replace that discovered U.S. inflation in January shot as much as a 7.5% annual charge, the best since 1982.

Whereas the 7.5% January charge was the best year-over-year escalation in a long time, Mountain West states that embody Utah together with Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico and Wyoming noticed inflation attain a nation-leading 9% that month.

Phil Dean, former state funds director and public finance senior fellow for the College of Utah’s Kem C. Gardner Coverage Institute, mentioned Utah shoppers are going through wide-ranging value hikes and significantly so on the issues that make up life’s primary wants. And people within the state’s decrease incomes tiers really feel the fee will increase essentially the most.

Poll: Utahns feeling inflation most on gas, groceries, housing, health
Picture: Deseret Information

“The ballot outcomes do not shock me,” Dean mentioned. “It simply reinforces that inflation is the large problem on individuals’s minds proper now.

“Housing prices, gasoline costs, groceries. These are the issues we’re paying for day by day and they’re the will increase that hit decrease revenue Utahns the toughest.”

And that is been the case for Ogden resident Jessica Williams who mentioned she has been astounded by how briskly grocery costs have elevated in current months.

“It looks like each journey I make to the shop, the issues on my checklist have gone up,” Williams mentioned. “Even when I simply purchased them in, like, the final couple of weeks.”

Williams mentioned she and her household are economizing by searching for issues on sale and looking for on-line promo codes or utilizing coupons.


It looks like each journey I make to the shop, the issues on my checklist have gone up. Even when I simply purchased them in, like, the final couple of weeks.

–Jessica Williams, Ogden resident


“Actually, I’ve by no means actually used coupons to grocery store earlier than, however I am searching for offers and looking for on-line codes now,” Williams mentioned.

A key financial indicator referred to as the non-public consumption expenditure, and one carefully watched by financial coverage makers on the Federal Reserve, jumped to six.1% in January in line with a report launched by the U.S. Division of Commerce on Friday. It measures the typical costs paid for items and providers.

The info is the newest proof that People are enduring sharp value will increase that can seemingly worsen after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Strong shopper spending has mixed with widespread product and employee shortages to create the best inflation in 4 a long time — a heavy burden for households in Utah and throughout the nation, particularly lower-income households confronted with elevated prices for meals, gas and lease.

On the identical time, shoppers as an entire largely shrugged off the upper costs final month and boosted their spending 2.1% from December to January, Friday’s report mentioned, an encouraging signal for the economic system and the job market. That was a pointy enchancment from December, when spending fell.

People throughout the revenue scale have been receiving pay raises and have amassed extra financial savings than that they had earlier than the pandemic struck two years in the past. That expanded pool of financial savings offers gas for future spending.

Inflation, although, is predicted to stay excessive and maybe speed up within the coming months, particularly with Russia’s invasion seemingly disrupting oil and gasoline exports. The prices of different commodities which might be produced in Ukraine, comparable to wheat and aluminum, have additionally elevated.

President Joe Biden mentioned Thursday that he would do “all the things I can” to maintain gasoline costs in test. Biden didn’t spell out particulars, although he talked about the potential for releasing extra oil from the nation’s strategic reserves. He additionally warned that oil and gasoline corporations “mustn’t exploit this second” by elevating costs on the pump.

On Friday, oil costs have been regular after that they had reached $100 a barrel in unstable buying and selling on Thursday, earlier than falling again to $92, about the place that they had began the day. Nonetheless, economists at JPMorgan have forecast that oil may attain $110 a barrel as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine escalates. Economists at BMO Capital Markets have estimated that every $10-per-barrel enhance interprets right into a 0.4 share level rise in inflation.

In accordance with AAA, Utah’s present common gasoline value is $3.41 per gallon, virtually $1 per gallon greater than a 12 months in the past however nonetheless underneath Friday’s nationwide common of $3.57 per gallon.

Contributing: Related Press

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Western companies in Russia’s oil and gas sector | Russia-Ukraine crisis News


Worldwide vitality large BP has opted to go away Russia after Western nations imposed extreme sanctions on its corporations and people following Moscow’s navy assault on Ukraine.

BP, the largest international investor in Russia, stated it was abandoning its stake within the state oil firm Rosneft at a price of as much as $25bn, shrinking its oil and fuel reserves in half. Shell adopted swimsuit, saying it could divest of its publicity as effectively.

The next are some information in regards to the publicity of Western oil and fuel corporations to Russia, which calls its actions in Ukraine a “particular operation”:

BP

The British oil firm has a 19.75 p.c stake in Rosneft, headed by Igor Sechin, a longstanding ally of President Vladimir Putin. Rosneft accounted for a 3rd of BP’s oil and fuel output in 2021.

BASF

The German chemical substances maker BASF co-owns Wintershall Dea – one of many monetary backers of the suspended Nord Stream 2 fuel pipeline – with Russian billionaire Mikhail Fridman’s LetterOne investor group. BASF additionally says it generates 1 p.c of group gross sales from Russia.

Wintershall Dea and Gazprom collectively work on the Achimov Growth gas-producing mission.

CHEVRON

Chevron has a 15 p.c stake within the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC), a pipeline that runs from Kazakhstan to a Russian Black Sea terminal used for Chevron to export its crude. It additionally operates different subsidiaries that associate with Russian corporations.

ENGIE

The French fuel utility is considered one of 5 co-financiers of Gazprom’s Nord Stream 2 and has a stake in Nord Stream 1, an working pipeline, together with Wintershall Dea and Gasunie.

ENI

The Italian firm and Gazprom every have a 50 p.c stake within the Blue Stream fuel pipeline to Turkey.

EQUINOR

The vitality group EQNR, which is majority-owned by the Norwegian state, stated on Monday it should begin divesting its joint ventures in Russia. It has minority stakes in three Russian oilfields.

Norway’s sovereign wealth fund, the world’s largest, can even divest its Russian belongings, price about 25 billion Norwegian crowns ($2.80bn).

EXXONMOBIL

The worldwide oil firm’s key asset in Russia is the Sakhalin-1 oil and fuel producing mission within the Pacific. ExxonMobil additionally markets petrochemical merchandise in Russia which might be utilized by native industries, based on its web site.

An ExxonMobil affiliate has a 7.5 p.c curiosity within the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC), which exports oil from Kazakhstan by way of the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiisk.

The corporate exited a number of joint ventures in Russia following sanctions imposed after Moscow annexed Crimea in 2014.

HALLIBURTON

Halliburton’s Eurasia unit operates in Russia and Ukraine. The corporate warned in February as tensions rose that its capability to interact in sure future initiatives in Russia or work with sure Russian clients relied on whether or not its involvement can be restricted on account of United States or European Union sanctions legal guidelines.

OMV

The oil and fuel firm OMV is without doubt one of the 5 monetary backers of Nord Stream 2 and is Austria’s major importer of Russian fuel. It has a 24.99 p.c stake within the Russian fuel area Yuzhno-Russkoye.

SHELL

The Anglo-Dutch oil firm is without doubt one of the greatest direct international buyers within the Russian financial system. It owns 27.5 p.c of the Sakhalin-2 liquefied pure fuel mission, which has an annual capability of 11 million tonnes and is operated by Gazprom. It is without doubt one of the 5 co-financiers of Nord Stream 2.

Shell additionally has pursuits within the Salym Petroleum oil mission with Gazprom Neft and a enterprise for hydrocarbon growth at Gydan Arctic peninsular. On Monday, Shell stated it deliberate on leaving its Russian partnerships.

TOTALENERGIES

The French firm holds a 19.4 p.c stake in Novatek, Russia’s largest producer of liquefied pure fuel (LNG). It has a 20 p.c stake within the Yamal LNG mission in addition to a ten p.c curiosity in Arctic LNG 2, which is scheduled to start out manufacturing subsequent 12 months.

The corporate additionally holds a 49 p.c stake within the Terneftegas three way partnership, which develops the Termokarstovoye onshore fuel and condensate, and a 20 p.c curiosity within the onshore Kharyaga oil area, its web site reveals. It has acquired 10 p.c in LNG transhipment hubs in Murmansk and Kamchatka.

UNIPER

The German utility has a $1bn publicity to Nord Stream 2, together with 5 energy crops in Russia with a mixed capability of 11.2 gigawatts, offering about 5 p.c of Russia’s complete vitality wants.

Uniper and its controlling shareholder Fortum collectively personal 12 energy crops in Russia and make use of 7,000 folks there.

(Reporting by Reuters in Moscow; Enhancing by Emelia Sithole-Matarise and Alistair Bell)

Russia hits Ukrainian oil and gas facilities in wave of attacks | Russia-Ukraine crisis News


Russia has unleashed a wave of assaults on Ukraine, concentrating on gasoline amenities and airfields in what seems to be the following section of an invasion that has been slowed by fierce resistance.

Enormous explosions lit up the sky early on Sunday south of the capital, Kyiv, the place individuals hunkered down in properties, underground garages and subway stations and the federal government maintained a 39-hour curfew in anticipation of a full-scale assault by Russian forces.

Flames billowed into the sky earlier than daybreak from an oil depot close to an airbase in Vasylkiv, close to Kyiv, the place there was intense combating, in line with the city’s mayor. President Volodymyr Zelenskyy’s workplace stated one other explosion was on the civilian Zhuliany Airport.

Zelenskyy’s workplace additionally stated Russian forces blew up a fuel pipeline in Kharkiv, the nation’s second-largest metropolis, prompting the federal government to warn individuals to guard themselves from the smoke by overlaying their home windows with damp fabric or gauze.

“We are going to combat for so long as wanted to liberate our nation,” Zelenskyy stated.

The curfew in Kyiv is about to final by way of Monday morning. The relative quiet of the capital was sporadically damaged by gunfire.

Russian-backed separatists within the japanese province of Luhansk stated a Ukrainian missile had blown up an oil terminal within the city of Rovenky.

Day 3 of the Russian invasion in Ukraine

Greater than 150,000 Ukrainians have fled for Poland, Moldova and different neighbouring nations, and the United Nations warned the quantity might develop to 4 million if combating escalates.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has not disclosed his final purpose, however Western officers consider he’s decided to overthrow Ukraine’s authorities and substitute it with a regime of his personal, redrawing the map of Europe and reviving Moscow’s Chilly Warfare-era affect.

To assist Ukraine resist, the US pledged a further $350m in army help, together with anti-tank weapons, physique armour and small arms. Germany stated it might ship missiles and anti-tank weapons to the besieged nation and that it might shut its airspace to Russian planes.

In the meantime, the European Union, the UK and the USA have agreed to dam “chosen” Russian banks from the SWIFT international monetary messaging system, which strikes cash between banks and different monetary establishments worldwide, a part of a brand new spherical of sanctions aiming to impose a extreme value on Moscow for the invasion. Additionally they agreed to impose ”restrictive measures” on Russia’s central financial institution.

It’s unclear how a lot territory Russian forces have seized or to what extent their advance has been stalled. Britain’s Ministry of Defence stated: “The pace of the Russian advance has quickly slowed, seemingly on account of acute logistical difficulties and robust Ukrainian resistance.”

Preventing on town’s outskirts urged that small Russian items have been making an attempt to clear a path for the primary forces. Small teams of Russian troops have been reported inside Kyiv, however Britain and the US stated the majority of the forces have been 30km (19 miles) from town’s centre as of Saturday afternoon.

Russia claims its assault on Ukraine from the north, east and south is aimed solely at army targets, however bridges, colleges and residential neighbourhoods have been hit.

Ukraine’s well being minister reported Saturday that 198 individuals, together with three youngsters, had been killed and greater than 1,000 others wounded. It was unclear whether or not these figures included each army and civilian casualties.

INTERACTIVE- Where are Ukrainians fleeing to 26 FEB

Ukraine’s ambassador to the US, Oksana Markarova, stated troops in Kyiv have been combating Russian “sabotage teams.” Ukraine says some 200 Russian troopers have been captured and hundreds killed.

Markarova stated Ukraine was gathering proof of shelling of residential areas, kindergartens and hospitals to undergo The Hague as potential crimes towards humanity.

Putin despatched troops into Ukraine after denying for weeks that he meant to take action, all of the whereas build up a pressure of practically 200,000 troops alongside the nations’ borders.

He claims the West has did not take critically Russia’s safety issues about NATO, the Western army alliance that Ukraine aspires to affix. However he has additionally expressed scorn about Ukraine’s proper to exist as an unbiased state.

Methane sensors could prevent the gas from getting into our atmosphere—and homes | NOVA



Tech + EngineeringTech & Engineering

Methane is a greenhouse fuel 86 instances as potent as carbon dioxide. What if we might see methane emissions in actual time?

Water flowing from a Weatherford, Texas resident’s effectively ignites when he places a flame to the effectively spigot. The U.S. Environmental Safety Company had proof a fuel firm’s drilling operation contaminated his consuming water with explosive methane, however withdrew its enforcement motion, leaving the household with no useable water provide, in response to a report obtained by The Related Press. Picture Credit score: Lm Otero/AP/Shutterstock

You’ve seen the photographs: floating islands of plastic within the ocean, marine life entangled in nets and features. Whether or not within the ocean or on land, plastic pollution—and their results—are sometimes seen.

However not all pollution are.

“What most individuals don’t notice is that there was air pollution for a very long time,” says Desiree Plata, an environmental engineer and chemist on the Massachusetts Institute of Know-how (MIT). “Most of it we simply can’t see.”

Enter methane, a colorless, odorless chemical that, like carbon dioxide and different greenhouse gases, contributes to local weather change by accumulating in our ambiance and trapping radiation from the solar. Methane is emitted into the air by many sources, together with melting permafrost, gassy cows, and oil and fuel drilling websites. And it’s about 86 instances stronger than carbon dioxide, in response to the Intergovernmental Panel on Local weather Change.

Methane is the primary ingredient in pure fuel, which powers 48% of properties in the USA. Industrial pure fuel is scented with odorants to make a possible fuel leak detectable, alerting a resident to close off their range or observe down the leak.

“I prefer to name methane ‘the elephant within the ambiance,’” Plata says. “It’s the fuel everybody must be speaking about, however few individuals learn about.”

However now, a group at MIT is producing sensors to permit individuals to “see” methane, and in the end observe down its sources and mitigate its dangerous results.

Sensor know-how: by chemical compounds, for chemical compounds

These methane sensors, developed by chemist Tim Swager and his group at MIT, range in measurement relying on how massive of an space a person want to monitor. The sensors might be massive, formed like a laptop computer briefcase for simple carrying. Or they might be small, in regards to the measurement of a sticker, and formed just like the flat chip in your bank card.

The sensors are cheap, low-power units that may detect methane emissions in nature and at industrial websites, Swager stated in an e-mail. The corporate C2Sense is working together with his group’s know-how, which might be available on the market inside a couple of years.

Although they’re not but licensed for industrial use, Swager’s methane sensors have the potential to be as extensively used because the carbon monoxide detectors we’ve in our properties. Methane is current in pure, industrial, and agricultural environments, and generally leaches into consuming water via the bottom within the type of tiny fuel bubbles, which means that anybody—from a farmer to an engineer to a home-owner—might use a sensor to get a greater concept of the chemical’s presence of their air or water.

All of Swager’s group’s sensors are powered by the identical factor: chemical components. Platinum and oxygen naturally react with methane, to allow them to be used within the sensors to detect methane in an setting, Swager explains.

Ice-rich permafrost thaws in Alaska. The carbon saved within the previously frozen floor is consumed by microbes, which launch methane fuel. Picture credit score: USGS

Right here’s how: The platinum within the sensor reacts with oxygen within the ambiance, bonding to create a chemical compound. This compound then reacts with any methane current within the surrounding setting. “Principally, you’re oxidizing the methane,” Swager says. This response between the platinum-oxygen compound and methane units off the sensor, which sends a notification to a specialised gadget (for an industrial-use sensor) or a mobile phone (for a personal-use sensor).

The sensor’s platinum and electrode sensing part “may be very tiny—and that implies that you can put it into a number of completely different constructions,” says Plata, who’s not concerned in Swager’s work. In contrast to another equipment that’s weighed down by the cumbersome important know-how inside it, C2Sense’s sensors depend on little or no to work, to allow them to be simply built-in into properties, barns, drilling websites, and different environments the place methane is current.

Fuel sensors that may detect risky natural compounds, together with methane, exist already. However they’re not tailor-made to detect methane alone, Swager stated in an e-mail, and require temperatures larger than 570 F to function. This makes them each pricey and doubtlessly harmful round excessive concentrations of methane, a flammable fuel.

Conversely, Swager’s sensors can function in ambient circumstances and have low energy necessities—they will run at submicrowatts—making them cheap to function. And in contrast to current sensors available on the market, which usually want a battery pack or wiring to work, Swager’s sensors could be powered wirelessly and skim by a smartphone.

Among the smaller prototype methane sensors are 0.08 inch (2mm) cubes, roughly as thick as a nickel. They will doubtlessly assist pinpoint leaks in properties or wells, attaching bodily to an space the place methane might spew from. The sensors can even connect to a mobile phone for on-the-go sensing, reporting the adjustments in air or water high quality proper to a “mobile-friendly sensor platform” on the telephone, Swager explains.

That stated, personal-use sensors could also be a methods off, Swager cautions. Presently, odorants added to methane-containing fuel function the primary indicator for fuel leaks in properties. Sadly, scent is just helpful should you’re current and capable of scent it. “Homes can blow up if there’s an excessive amount of pure fuel,” Swager says. When somebody is away from their dwelling or is unable to scent a leak, it’s more durable to guard in opposition to a attainable fuel fireplace—or worse, explosion.

One other attainable utility for the sensors, Swager says, is to check effectively water, which hundreds of thousands of individuals within the U.S. depend on. When methane is drilled underground, the fuel generally escapes from the pipe it’s being pumped into, travels via the porous earth, and rises from the bottom. “Within the technique of drilling down, you’ve got created one other pathway for the methane to achieve the floor. It might come up 100 yards from the effectively pad relying on the placement, even get into the groundwater,” Swager says. As a result of the fuel is taken into account unhazardous by a number of state departments of public well being, methane doesn’t have a Protected Ingesting Water Act most contaminant degree. (Though the U.S. Division of the Inside suggests a particular methane degree at which owners ought to vent their wells.)

Bigger sensors can sense transient leaks (leaks that begin and cease) over massive swaths of land. Meant to be used by engineers, park rangers, and different professionals, industrial-use sensors might determine methane leaks at pure fuel drilling websites, the place methane comes up from the earth; forests, the place raging fires can emit the chemical; or massive farms, the place methane-emitting livestock reside.

Cattle farming is the main reason for methane emissions within the U.S., with almost 2% of complete greenhouse fuel emissions yearly coming from the methane cows burp and fart (and the U.S. is the world’s largest producer of beef). Scientists have appeared for tactics to decrease methane emissions from cattle farming, going as far as to place masks on cows to catch their burps.

Addressing the elephant within the room

As methane and different greenhouse gases acquire within the ambiance, they “work as a blanket,” says Andra Garner, a local weather scientist at Rowan College in New Jersey. “Methane is a a lot thicker and heavier blanket than carbon dioxide and should you add too many blankets, we begin to get approach too heat,” she explains.

Past local weather change and fast security dangers of methane, the well being results of being uncovered to excessive ranges of methane over a chronic time period are additionally a priority, however haven’t been completely investigated. Communities which have handled massive quantities of methane leaking into their air—just like the residents of Belmont County, Ohio, the place one of many greatest methane leaks ever recorded within the U.S. occurred in 2018—have reported respiratory issues and dizziness after being uncovered to methane fuel. In-home methane sensors might notify residents of leaks when their noses can’t, similar to carbon monoxide and smoke detectors do.

“You in all probability hear headlines on a regular basis, ‘All over the place we search for plastics within the setting, we discover them,’” Plata says. “The identical is true of most industrial chemical compounds, however the issue is I can’t pull out my mobile phone and take an image of [them]. Tim’s sensors are serving to to shut that hole.”

With the ability to see the place methane comes from is step one to controlling its results on our planet. “Any time we’ve extra information, that’s higher; we get a greater deal with on the place these emissions are coming from,” Garner says. In any case, Plata says, “Getting chemical compounds out of the environmental system is an even bigger problem than attempting to maintain them from getting there within the first place.”

Europe Is Scrambling to Turn Its Back on Russian Oil and Gas


When the $11 billion Nord Stream 2 undertaking was introduced in 2015, it promised a courageous new power future for Europe. Criss-crossing below the Baltic Sea from western Siberia to make land in Germany, it assured Germany—and the tight-knit European power market, by way of which pure fuel provides cross borders with ease—assured provide. Nord Stream 2 was constructed to bypass Ukraine, in a transfer designed by Russia so as to add financial stress to the nation following a partial invasion of the nation’s east in 2014. Russia’s fuel provide contracts by way of Ukraine are up for renewal in 2024, and Russia appears minded to ditch them, and the provision to the nation solely. It wouldn’t be something new for Russia, which has long used its position because the world’s power provider to threaten different nations.

However political expediency—and the necessity to guarantee regular provides of fuel—trumped geopolitics and defending Ukraine’s sovereignty. Europe’s home fuel manufacturing was declining—dropping 9 % between 2014 and 2015 in line with the European Fee —and the continent acknowledged it wanted to change into extra reliant on Russian fuel imports. The undertaking went forward, and within the intervening seven years the huge pipeline was constructed beneath the Baltic Sea.

All of it turned out to be a waste of money and time. Forward of Russia’s full-blown invasion of Ukraine, launched within the early hours of February 24, the plans for Nord Stream 2 have been positioned on ice. The massive query is what which means for Europe’s power safety. “That is an inflection level,” says Thierry Bros, professor at Sciences Po, a college in Paris. “The disaster is an effective wake-up name for Europe, and Europe’s naivety.” It’s additionally a blow to Russia, which depends on the earnings from fuel and oil to assist its personal financial system and, by extension, its warfare efforts.

At its peak, the 1,230-kilometer pipeline might provide 55 billion cubic meters of fuel a 12 months—a tenth of European fuel consumption in 2021 alone. Within the second quarter of 2021, the most recent interval for which European Fee information is out there, Russia accounted for almost half of fuel imports into Europe, and Nord Stream, the dual predecessor pipe to Nord Stream 2, was an important provide route of pipeline fuel to the EU. And fuel imports are very important for Europe: The continent imports thrice as a lot fuel because it exports, and twice the quantity it produces domestically, in line with Worldwide Power Company (IEA) information.

On February 22, Germany halted the method of certifying the pipeline, an necessary a part of the method of bringing it onstream. A day later, america announced sanctions in opposition to the corporate overseeing the Nord Stream 2 undertaking, in addition to its management. Germany’s overseas minister, Annalena Baerbock, mentioned on February 23 that canceling the Nord Stream 2 settlement, which might have helped Europe’s power safety, was a troublesome determination to make. But it surely was necessary. “For us because the German authorities, it was necessary to point out that for a free and democratic Ukraine, we’re prepared to additionally settle for penalties for our nationwide financial system,” she told reporters. “Peace and freedom in Europe don’t have a price ticket.”

Whereas Baerbock mentioned peace and freedom didn’t have a price ticket, former Russian president Dmitry Medvedev was happier placing a quantity on the price of shutting Nord Stream 2 down: “Welcome to the courageous new world the place Europeans are very quickly going to pay €2,000 ($2,225) for 1,000 cubic meters of pure fuel,” he tweeted. European fuel costs rose 12.7 % the following day to €927 ($1,030) per 1,000 cubic meters.



North Salt Lake gas station owner charged with having gambling machines


Expenses had been filed on this 2nd District Court docket Thursday in opposition to a North Salt Lake fuel station proprietor accused of working unlawful playing machines in her enterprise. (Steve Griffin, Deseret Information)

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NORTH SALT LAKE — The proprietor of a North Salt Lake fuel station has been charged with working playing machines in her enterprise.

Riya Patel Rodriguez, 35, of Centerville, was charged Thursday in 2nd District Court docket with cash laundering, a second-degree felony, and two counts of getting a fringe gaming gadget, one third-degree felony and one class A misdemeanor.

Police say Rodriguez owns and manages Ajay’s, 3427 S. Orchard Drive. In September, an undercover investigator went to the fuel station and performed one of many gaming gadgets on the enterprise. The detective paid $10 for “credit.” When he was finished taking part in, he took a receipt to the shop clerk exhibiting he had gained further credit, and was paid $25, in accordance with charging paperwork.

In October, the investigator returned and once more made cash from the credit he gained, the fees state.

The detective and different brokers returned on Jan. 31, this time with a search warrant for the enterprise. Gaming gadgets, money saved underneath the counter for payouts, and “prizes” for individuals who gained greater than $100 had been seized, in accordance with the fees.

Rodriguez informed police that the machines had been maintained by a person who would often come to the fuel station “to service the machines and cut up the proceeds.”

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