Riverbeds in Western states should be open to the public to fish.


Riverbeds in Western states must be open to the general public to fish.

(David Zalubowski | AP picture)

On this Oct. 7, 2019, picture, Colorado Lawyer Normal Phil Weiser speaks throughout a information convention in Denver.

Eighty-year-old Roger Hill used to go fishing on the Arkansas River in Colorado. However he typically needed to duck baseball-size rocks thrown at him by landowners who insisted he was trespassing. When he obtained again to his automobile, he typically discovered notes threatening him with arrest if he returned. Worse, a fellow fisherman was shot at by a landowner, who obtained 30 days in jail for the assault.

Slightly than risking both harm or arrest, Hill sued the landowners, claiming that the mattress of the Arkansas River is navigable. If that assumption is true, then Hill can legally stand on the riverbed and fish.

However Roger Hill’s combat is not only about his proper to fish. It’s about pushing again in opposition to the creeping tide of wealth-driven privatization that seeks to disclaim public entry to our waterways and different public sources.

Right here’s Hill’s case in a nutshell: When Colorado grew to become a state in 1876, it entered the Union on an “equal footing” with different states. Amongst different issues, the equal footing doctrine offers states title to the beds of all navigable streams inside their borders.

Because the U.S. Supreme Courtroom defined in a case referred to as Illinois Central Railroad v. Illinois, “it’s a title totally different in character from that which the state holds in lands meant on the market…. It’s a title held in belief for the folks of the state, that they might benefit from the navigation of the waters, stick with it commerce over them, and have liberty of fishing therein, free of the obstruction or interference of personal events.”

Historical past buffs may be to know that these public rights in navigable waterways date again a minimum of to the time of the Roman Empire.

You would possibly assume that Colorado would be part of this case on Hill’s facet. As a substitute, the alternative occurred. Lawyer Normal Phil Weiser, a Democrat, joined the case on the facet of the non-public landowners and has moved aggressively in opposition to Hill, searching for not simply to disclaim his proper to fish from the mattress of the river, but additionally to assert that Hill doesn’t have the appropriate to even be in court docket.

At varied occasions, Weiser has considerably astoundingly argued that there are not any navigable rivers in Colorado, and that even when there have been, the state might deny public entry to navigable riverbeds. A lot for the Supreme Courtroom’s holding that the state holds title to the mattress of navigable streams “in belief for the folks, that they might … have the freedom of fishing therein.”

In Colorado, alternatives to get exterior and discover are celebrated. For that motive, it’s alarming that the state’s lawyer basic seeks to disclaim public entry to Colorado’s navigable waterways. If he have been to prevail, Colorado can be alone among the many 50 states — together with all of its Western neighbors — in denying these rights.

Lately, the Colorado Courtroom of Appeals provided Roger Hill a glimmer of hope that Weiser might be stopped. The court docket held that Hill has standing to pursue his declare in state court docket and made the essential discovering that If “the related section of the river was navigable at statehood, then the … defendants don’t personal the riverbed and would haven’t any proper to exclude [Hill] from it by threats of bodily violence or prosecution for trespass.”

Though it appears unlikely, Weiser now has a possibility to modify sides and help public rights in navigable waterways, together with Roger Hill’s proper to fish whereas wading the mattress of the Arkansas River. Coloradans ought to count on and demand that he accomplish that.

The Colorado Structure proclaims that “water of each pure stream … throughout the state of Colorado, is … the property of the general public…” When the framers devoted Colorado’s pure streams to “the usage of the folks” they absolutely didn’t count on that the state’s lawyer basic would aggressively attempt to block public use.

Roger Hill’s combat is everybody’s combat. Let’s hope that he prevails.

Mark Squillace | Writers on the Vary

Mark Squillace is a contributor to Writers on the Vary, writersontherange.org, a nonprofit devoted to spurring energetic dialog in regards to the West. He’s the Raphael Moses Professor of Pure Sources Legislation on the College of Colorado Legislation College, and he and Alexander Hood are representing Roger Hill, professional bono.

The ICC says it will open an investigation into alleged war crimes in Ukraine : NPR


Karim Ahmed Khan, Worldwide Prison Court docket chief prosecutor, speaks throughout a information convention on the Ministry of Justice within the Khartoum, Sudan, final August. The Worldwide Prison Court docket’s prosecutor has put combatants and their commanders on discover that he’s monitoring Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and has jurisdiction to prosecute battle crimes and crimes towards humanity.

Marwan Ali/AP


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Marwan Ali/AP


Karim Ahmed Khan, Worldwide Prison Court docket chief prosecutor, speaks throughout a information convention on the Ministry of Justice within the Khartoum, Sudan, final August. The Worldwide Prison Court docket’s prosecutor has put combatants and their commanders on discover that he’s monitoring Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and has jurisdiction to prosecute battle crimes and crimes towards humanity.

Marwan Ali/AP

The highest prosecutor on the Worldwide Prison Court docket says there’s a “cheap foundation to consider” that battle crimes and crimes towards humanity have been dedicated in Ukraine, as he introduced the Court docket would open a proper investigation “as quickly as doable.”

“Given the growth of the battle in current days, it’s my intention that this investigation may even embody any new alleged crimes falling throughout the jurisdiction of my Workplace which might be dedicated by any celebration to the battle on any a part of the territory of Ukraine,” wrote Karim A. A. Khan in an announcement launched Monday afternoon.

The brand new investigation will construct on preliminary analysis by the ICC analyzing the opportunity of battle crimes in Ukraine since late 2013.

In November 2013, protests started to unfold towards pro-Russian chief Viktor Yanukovych, leading to his ouster early the subsequent yr. In February 2014, state police and armed forces killed scores of protesters and injured a whole lot in Kyiv.

Quickly after, Russia illegally annexed Crimea and armed separatists in jap Ukraine. The long-running battle between the Russia-backed separatists and Ukrainian forces within the Donbas had killed greater than 14,000 folks as of the beginning of this yr.

A preliminary report by the ICC, revealed in December 2020, discovered what it referred to as “an affordable foundation to consider” that quite a few battle crimes had been dedicated throughout these intervals, together with homicide, rape, torture, illegal confinement and deliberate assaults on non-military targets.

Based in 2002, the ICC has 16 different open investigations into battle crimes worldwide, together with quite a few investigations in Africa, one in Venezuela and one other analyzing the opportunity of battle crimes dedicated throughout Russia’s invasion of Georgia in 2008.

Neither Ukraine nor Russia are events to the statute that created the ICC, although the prosecutor stated the courtroom has jurisdiction to analyze as a result of Ukraine has accepted ICC jurisdiction up to now.

Over the weekend, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy accused Russia of deliberately concentrating on civilians and civilian infrastructure.

“They lied that they might not contact the civilian inhabitants. However because the first hours of the invasion, Russian troops have been hitting civilian infrastructure,” he stated in a video tackle posted Sunday.

Whereas Russia denies these claims, humanitarian businesses have expressed comparable issues. Investigations by Amnesty Worldwide discovered that Russian cluster munitions had struck a preschool in northeastern Ukraine, killing two adults and a baby, and that different strikes had broken a hospital and residential buildings.

On Monday, as Russia attacked the Ukrainian metropolis of Kharkiv, movies appeared to indicate missiles putting residential buildings. Ukrainian officers say that dozens of civilians have died, although these numbers couldn’t be independently verified.

SNL’s cold open features the Ukrainian Chorus Dumka of New York : NPR



Saturday Night time Stay
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NEW YORK — “Saturday Night time Stay” usually kicks off every present with some humor, however the comedy sketch sequence opened with a tribute efficiency to Ukraine amid the continued Russian invasion.

The Ukrainian Refrain Dumka of New York carried out a “Prayer for Ukraine” throughout the opening of “SNL” on Saturday. Forged members Kate McKinnon and Cecily Sturdy launched the choir.

The choir sang the melancholy tune in entrance of a reside viewers and a desk of candles that spelled the title of Ukraine’s capital metropolis, Kyiv.

Russian troops launched an assault on Ukraine this week. The continuing invasion includes explosions and airstrikes on town.

European nations throw open borders to Ukrainian refugees | News


International locations throughout Jap Europe have introduced plans to host tons of of 1000’s of individuals fleeing the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Tens of 1000’s of Ukrainians have been turning up on the nation’s border crossings with Poland, Romania and Moldova. Many of those nations, which have taken a hardline stance in direction of refugees arriving from nations similar to Syria and Afghanistan in recent times have taken a decidedly totally different tone in pledging to host and assist their Ukranian neighbours.

A number of humanitarian businesses have issued statements expressing their dedication to displaced Ukrainians asking nations to maintain their borders open to refugees looking for shelter.

“UNHCR can also be working with governments in neighbouring nations, calling on them to maintain borders open to these looking for security and safety. We stand able to assist efforts by all to reply to any scenario of pressured displacement,” stated the UN Excessive Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi.

Grandi stated on Twitter on Saturday that 150,000 Ukrainians had now fled the combating of their nation.

Moldovan President Maia Sandu stated her nation’s borders had been open to Ukrainian residents and it might assist these arriving of their “humanitarian wants”.

Poland, which has taken a hardline stance towards migration in recent times, introduced its willingness to take “as many as there might be at our borders”.

Hungary, which has taken a equally hostile stance to refugees arriving from nations similar to Syria in recent times, pledged to stay open for these fleeing from Ukraine.

“We’re ready to handle them, and we’ll have the ability to rise to the problem shortly and effectively,” stated Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who has beforehand described migrants arriving in Europe as a “poison”.

‘Solely so many locations’

Hanne Beirens, director of Migration Coverage Institute Europe, stated there have been causes for the totally different attitudes taken by some nations which have been notably hostile in recent times to refugees.

“Firstly, this can be a positioning from EU states inside a selected geopolitical battle. In that respect it matches inside a broader narrative of disapproving of Russian actions and the form of solidarity in numerous sorts of dimensions with the Ukraine, authorities and inhabitants with those that could also be displaced due to the battle,” she stated.

“There’s solely so many locations that people who find themselves displaced by the battle with Russia can go, and a few have already moved to Moldova. Others when crossing the border instantly land into EU territory, so there’s no different place for them to go and in order that form of precept of looking for safety in a secure haven within the first nation you cross matches completely right here.”

INTERACTIVE- Where are Ukrainians fleeing to poster

Poland – which confronted fierce criticism from human rights teams for its therapy of asylum seekers who had been pushed to the Belarusian border by Belarusian authorities, together with the legalisation of pushbacks final November – has taken a decidedly totally different stance in direction of the prospect of a giant arrival of Ukrainian refugees.

Quite a lot of reception centres have already been established within the nation.

Greece, an entry level for tons of of 1000’s of individuals fleeing struggle and unrest from Syria and Afghanistan in recent times, additionally made pledges of assist for Ukrainian residents and people arriving in Ukraine’s neighbours.

Earlier within the week, there have been recommendations it might make commitments to host Ukrainian refugees, however an announcement issued on Friday stopped in need of this, providing as a substitute technical and humanitarian assist to Ukraine’s neighbouring nations.

“EU nations, together with Greece, stepping in to guard Ukrainian refugees reveals what we’ve lengthy urged for: secure entry to the EU for refugees is each mandatory and possible. And truthful and humane asylum programs profit us all.”

Greece’s itemizing Ukraine as “a ‘secure nation of origin’ solely weeks in the past runs counter to these very rules”, stated Minos Mouzourakis, authorized officer at Refugee Help Aegean.

Greece has confronted fierce criticism in recent times for closely documented pushbacks of asylum seekers from its land and sea borders.

Totally different responses

Dimitris Choulis, a lawyer working with refugees on the Greek island of Samos, one of many details of arrival for refugees in 2015-16, famous the totally different responses of many EU nations to the prospect of a large-scale displacement of Ukrainian refugees in Europe.

“I used to be stunned from Finland, for instance, within the announcement after the invasion how prepared they’re to obtain refugees whereas after years of bombing in Syria or Afghanistan they don’t do the identical,” he stated.

Choulis questioned how Ukrainians who select to hunt asylum exterior of their neighbouring nations might be handled. “Are we going to ask them why they didn’t go to a neighbouring nation and if they arrive right here [to Greece] are they not refugees anymore?” he requested.

Beirens stated there have been a number of totally different causes for this totally different response amongst some nations.

“It will be the check of time to see what number of could be displaced from Ukraine and what the EU’s response could be shifting ahead … It’s laborious to evaluate how lengthy the battle will final, whether or not there’ll proceed to be assaults on a number of areas of Ukraine, which might, in and of itself, set off refugee actions to Europe,” stated Beirens.

If that’s the case it might result in related refugee numbers as in 2015.

“The bottom predictions when it comes to a full-scale invasion of Russia talks of 1 million displaced individuals, however there are so others who speak about as much as three million or extra,” she stated.

“The response could also be fairly totally different exactly due to the longstanding custom of Ukraine nationals coming into the EU to work and examine there.”



Novak Djokovic Australian Open Visa Canceled


Djokovic’s beliefs and conduct have made headlines all through the pandemic. In April 2020, he mentioned he was against vaccines and that he wouldn’t wish to be required to obtain a shot to be able to journey. Simply months later, he and his spouse examined constructive for COVID after he organized and performed in exhibition matches that flouted social distancing suggestions. In October 2021, he mentioned that questions on his vaccination standing had been “inappropriate.”

The match’s defending champion had shocked many Tuesday when he posted on social media that he had been granted an “exemption permission” to journey to Australia. However, as Melbourne’s Age newspaper first reported, it was not clear whether or not Djokovic had introduced adequate proof to show his exemption purpose.

Underneath Australian regulation, foreigners touring into the nation should have a visa and be absolutely vaccinated. Tennis Australia and officers in Victoria, the place Melbourne is situated, made comparable necessities for gamers who needed to take part within the Open with out first endeavor a compulsory 14-day quarantine.

However Australian immunization officers had outlined some non permanent vaccine exemptions for its residents, which embody individuals who have had a PCR-confirmed case of COVID within the final six months. It’s not clear if these apply to foreigners searching for to enter Australia, however tennis officers had pointed to those exemptions of their choice to permit Djokovic to take part.

That Djokovic was granted an exemption to play in Melbourne, which endured one of many longest lockdowns on the earth as Australia sought to maintain COVID circumstances at zero previous to widespread vaccination, brought on an enormous outcry within the nation.

Tennis and Victorian officers harassed his utility had gone by a “double blind” evaluation course of, however giant sections of the Australian public and media railed towards the choice.

“I do not care how good a tennis participant he’s. If he is refusing to get vaccinated, he should not be allowed in,” former Australian Medical Affiliation vp Stephen Parnis wrote on Twitter.

Requested concerning the tennis participant’s exemption at a press convention on Wednesday, Prime Minister Scott Morrison informed reporters Djokovic would wish to “present acceptable proof” for his declare that he couldn’t be vaccinated for medical causes.

“We await his presentation and what proof he gives us to assist that,” Morrison mentioned. “If that proof is inadequate, then he will not be handled any completely different to anybody else, and he’ll be on the following airplane residence.”

On Wednesday, Morrison’s authorities indicated that they’d have a say on whether or not Djokovic can be allowed into the nation.

“Whereas the Victorian Authorities and Tennis Australia might allow a non-vaccinated participant to compete within the Australian Open, it’s the Commonwealth Authorities that may implement our necessities on the Australian border,” House Affairs Minister Karen Andrews mentioned in an announcement titled “Australia’s border guidelines apply to everybody.”

“No particular person competing on the Australian Open will probably be afforded any particular therapy,” Andrews mentioned.

Hunt, the well being minister, mentioned the principles had been powerful however honest. “Australians have needed to do it powerful,” Hunt mentioned, “and Australians in many alternative states and territories have needed to present their vaccination data in some circumstances to enter premises and cafés and different issues, and it isn’t unreasonable to have precisely the identical requirement for all who enter this nation.”



Secretary Cardona to Open Wednesday’s 2022 Advancing Equity in Career-Connected Education Summit


U.S. Secretary of Training Miguel Cardona will ship opening remarks Wednesday on the 2022 Advancing Fairness in Profession-Related Training Summit, a digital convention bringing collectively lots of of officers and exterior stakeholders to share methods to assist youth and adults entry high quality profession pathways.

The digital occasion, hosted from midday to 4 p.m. ET by the Division’s Workplace of Profession, Technical and Grownup Training (OCTAE), can be a discussion board to trade analysis, evidence-based methods, and modern practices that advance fairness throughout career-connected schooling. Presenters embrace representatives from federal, state, and native companies, and establishments of upper schooling college students, academics, and researchers.

Tomorrow’s Advancing Fairness summit is a vital element of the Training Division’s ongoing efforts to implement Govt Order 13985, Advancing Racial Fairness and Assist for Underserved Communities By the Federal Authorities. The summit additionally advances the Secretary’s targets for all youth and adults to be prepared for, and have significant entry to, high quality faculty and profession pathways.

In a significant deal with, Secretary Cardona just lately highlighted the significance of constructing increased schooling extra inclusive and reasonably priced. He additionally careworn that college students ought to have pathways by way of increased schooling that result in profitable careers. To realize that, he known as for reimagining the connection amongst p-12, increased schooling and the workforce. Secretary Cardona additionally really useful prioritizing grant applications that permit college students to return to increased schooling or pursue profession and technical education schemes at any level of their lives and careers.

Among the many summit highlights:

  • Midday-12:15 p.m. – Secretary Cardona will reinforce his priorities for schooling, introduced final week, which included making increased schooling extra inclusive and reasonably priced, in addition to guaranteeing pathways by way of increased ed that result in profitable careers.
  • 12:15–12:50 p.m. – Opening session, “The Federal Function in Driving Fairness Throughout Profession-Related Training,” that includes a panel dialogue on how the Training Division and its federal companions can help the Biden Administration’s dedication to fairness throughout career-connected schooling.
  • 3-3:50 p.m. – Breakout Session 8: “Scaling Proof-Primarily based Scholar Assist Providers at Neighborhood Schools,” specializing in evidence-based fashions for offering neighborhood faculty college students with the help providers they should thrive.
  • 3-3:50 p.m. – Breakout Session 9: “Advancing Increased Training Entry By Second Likelihood Pell,” overlaying modifications in entry to Pell Grants for justice-involved people and promising practices from the Second Likelihood Pell initiative.
  • 3:50 p.m. – Closing remarks by U.S. Underneath Secretary of Training James Kvaal.

To register for the summit, click on right here. Extra particulars will be discovered right here.

Statement by U.S. Secretary of Education Miguel Cardona on CDC Guidance and Keeping Schools Safely Open


U.S. Secretary of Training Miguel Cardona issued the next assertion on the discharge of recent CDC steering: 

 “Ninety-nine % of faculties are safely open for in-person studying and that may be a testomony to the arduous work and partnership of college communities – significantly mother and father, educators, district leaders and faculty employees. With at this time’s announcement of up to date CDC steering, we are able to proceed to maintain faculties safely open whereas permitting for educators and oldsters to get again to specializing in what’s most essential: our college students’ futures. Shifting ahead, districts ought to proceed to work with native well being consultants, mother and father, and educators to determine what works finest for his or her communities and think about the suitable mitigation methods wanted to maintain college students and employees secure. This work – along with the crucial work of serving to college students catch up academically and offering emotional and psychological well being helps– can and must be achieved utilizing American Rescue Plan funds. As we transfer ahead into a brand new section of restoration, the Division stays dedicated to our faculty communities and offering the steering and sources they should be profitable.” 

Info on the brand new CDC steering may be discovered HERE.