Sunday Reading: The Proliferation of the Podcast

The podcast type has proliferated a lot that there appear to be extra podcasts now than there are stars in the summertime sky. Some are wonderful, most are usually not, and some dominant ones, akin to Joe Rogan’s present, have grow to be as central to the nationwide dialogue as something in print or on tv.

Extra from the Archive

Join Classics, a twice-weekly publication that includes notable items from the previous.

In “Causes to Abandon Spotify That Have Nothing to Do with Joe Rogan,” Alex Ross, who normally writes about music, considers the platform that hosts the misinformation-spreading, slur-using host. In “Brené Brown’s Empire of Emotion,” Sarah Larson, who contributes to The New Yorker’s Podcast Dept. column, profiles the creator, speaker, and podcaster from Texas, and analyzes her reward for storytelling; elsewhere, Larson interviews Melvyn Bragg, whose endlessly fascinating and stubbornly tutorial present ranges from the Conflict of the Roses to the historical past of espresso. In “George the Poet’s Undefinably Good Podcast,” Rebecca Mead writes about an unconventional—and unpredictable—British podcast that’s delivered nearly fully in rhyme. In “Can Podcasts Enhance Our Nicely-Being?,” Alexandra Schwartz explores how this media revolution has affected our understanding of our our bodies and minds. Lastly, in “The Rise of the Athlete Podcaster,” Hua Hsu experiences on the rising reputation of sports activities podcasting, a very crowded and obsessive discipline. “Athletes not often obtained the prospect to talk their minds from contained in the fishbowl,” Hsu writes. “It’s not stunning that gamers from this period have taken to podcasting, and that they produce among the richest, most vibrant work within the type.”

David Remnick

Photograph from the 1980's of a storefront of a record store in New York City. A neon sign says "Records Tapes" and there are posters of Abba, Pavarotti and Kenny Loggins in the window.
Think about a World With out Spotify

To be able to assist musicians you care about, you might have to surrender the concept that all music ought to be obtainable on demand.

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Melvyn Bragg sitting in an armchair in his home.
The Training of Melvyn Bragg

In his teenagers, Bragg was saved by books. He’s now spent greater than fifty years championing the enjoyment, worth, and fascination of data.

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George the Poet.
George the Poet’s Undefinably Good Podcast

The British spoken-word artist strikes amongst memoir, reportage, fiction, even comedy, rendered nearly fully in rhyming verse that quantities to a naturalistic however heightened type of on a regular basis speech.

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sports podcast
The Rise of the Athlete Podcaster

How gamers started telling a brand new story about sports activities.

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Can Podcasts Enhance Our Nicely-Being?

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Reading has allowed me to feel very strongly what others experience,

Studying has allowed me to really feel very strongly what others expertise,

(Evert Elzinga | AP photograph)

On this Might 2, 2014, photograph, copies of Anne Frank’s diary are on show at Theater Amsterdam in Amsterdam.

The information has been flooded not too long ago with tales about e book banning and proscribing what will be taught in public faculties. This has precipitated me to mirror on my historical past of studying and the way studying has impacted my life. I’ve all the time been an avid reader and started early when my brother, who was three years older, would come house from faculty and educate me what he had discovered that day.

Studying has served me in some ways. First, it has been a approach to go time that transports me to a different world. This was particularly useful to me as a baby rising up in a house with a lot marital discord and a chronically depressed mom.

Any e book can serve such a operate however, for me, once I was younger, books that instructed of joyful lives far completely different from my very own had been interesting as they allowed me to flee from the truth of my existence. There was a unfavorable facet to this expertise, nevertheless, as I finally realized these books offered a world that didn’t exist.

Though it’s generally good to flee to a happier actuality when studying, books provide much more after we broaden our studying additional. Books have educated me a few plethora of matters. I’ve discovered about historical past, different cultures, science, philosophy and faith, and my curiosity has typically been sparked to search out out extra about completely different matters. This has occurred studying each fiction and nonfiction.

Studying has additional challenged my mind-set by exposing me to views which are completely different from my very own. It’s tougher to remain firmly rooted in a single’s personal slim viewpoint when being challenged by different factors of view and being keen to think about them. Sadly, there look like many individuals who search solely studying that verify their very own views of the world and points.

Maybe most significantly, studying has allowed me to really feel very strongly what others expertise, each fictional and nonfictional characters. I not too long ago listened to an interview with Sofia Segovia speaking about her e book “The Murmur of Bees.”

One a part of the interview significantly resonated with me. “Literature is the most effective trainer, the most effective border eraser. When talking, individuals get to know one another. When studying, individuals get to really feel one another.”

Generally what we really feel shouldn’t be comfy and will even trigger us to really feel responsible, however I feel it important that we’ve got such experiences.

Two of the books I vividly bear in mind studying in my late elementary and early junior highschool years elicited robust, uncomfortable emotions in me, but impacted me considerably in lots of ways in which have enriched my life. They’ve additionally been important in shaping how I work together with the world and my intolerance of bigotry. These books have each typically appeared on banned books record.

“The Diary of a Younger Lady,” by Anne Frank, was banned due to sexual themes within the e book and since some felt it is perhaps “miserable” for younger individuals. It was miserable and, being Jewish, I used to be significantly struck by the truth that, had I been born in a special time and place, that would have been me.

“To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee has been banned attributable to its themes of rape and use of profanity and racial slurs. This e book made me extremely conscious of racial inequality. And sure, it did elevate some emotions of guilt about my white privilege. But, I feel it will be significant that we’re all aware of the expertise of others who shouldn’t have the identical privileges we do.

A quote by Oscar Wilde is especially related to the subject of e book banning. “The books that the world calls immoral are books that present the world its personal disgrace.”

Nancy Cantor, Salt Lake Metropolis, labored for 40 years as a psychologist at Major Youngsters’s Hospital.

Penélope Cruz says just reading the script for ‘Parallel Mothers’ left her in tears : NPR


That is FRESH AIR. I am David Bianculli, professor of tv research at Rowan College in New Jersey, in for Terry Gross. Penelope Cruz is nominated for an Oscar for her starring function in “Parallel Moms,” the most recent film written and directed by Pedro Almodovar. She’s on the emotional heart of a number of of Almodovar movies, together with “All About My Mom,” “Damaged Embraces” and “Ache And Glory.” She grew to become the primary Spanish actress to win an Oscar when she received greatest supporting actress for her efficiency within the 2008 movie “Vicky Cristina Barcelona.”

We’ll hearken to Terry’s interview with Cruz recorded final December. “Parallel Moms” is about in Madrid and revolves round two girls who by chance grow to be pregnant. Cruz performs Janis, an expert photographer round 40 years previous, who’s thrilled to be pregnant, though she’s not with the daddy. Her roommate within the maternity wing is a youngster named Ana, who’s full of remorse about having grow to be pregnant. Their lives intertwine in more and more stunning methods. The film, along with telling their tales, finds the parallels between the ache and necessity of being trustworthy about your individual previous and your nation’s darkish previous.


TERRY GROSS: Penelope Cruz, welcome to FRESH AIR. I like this movie. I like your efficiency in it and your efficiency in so many different movies as properly. So thanks for approaching our present.

PENELOPE CRUZ: Thanks a lot.

GROSS: You’ve two kids. What did you talk about with Almodovar about painting the beginning scene at first of the movie, which is such an essential scene that sort of units the tone for the remainder of the movie?

CRUZ: Nicely, we mentioned lots about it as a result of it is true that Pedro may be very open to the method being a collaboration. And particularly in that case since he has by no means given beginning, he was asking inquiries to all of us, to the ladies round which have given beginning. So he needed to know all the main points concerning the totally different ways in which it may occur, various things that would go improper. In my thoughts, you recognize, I wanted to be actually clear about, like, what second of the method I used to be in. When the contractions are nonetheless occurring, like, each couple of minutes, it is not like – after they occur, very, very – like, one after one other if you end up nearer to the time the place you must push. So, yeah, there have been lots of conversations about that.

GROSS: The film additionally portrays simply, like, the bodily bond between a mom and her youngster and the expertise of, like, touching a new child child after which persevering with to, like, maintain the child after you’re taking the child residence and what that feels, like, the contact. How do you specific that on digital camera? How do you specific that emotion, that – it is so inside.

CRUZ: Yeah, nevertheless it’s the strongest feeling that I’ve skilled. And it is true that after we have been taking pictures and I noticed the face of this little child that was so tiny, after all, in that second I revisit all of the feelings that I skilled in my very own – the beginning of my youngsters, which is, like, that first second once you take a look at one another and also you see these eyes and that soul and you are feeling like, oh, you already know that individual. You can’t think about your life with out that individual, even in case you simply met them. However I do not assume you simply met them. I am not speaking solely concerning the 9 months of being pregnant. You simply really feel like they have been endlessly with you, part of you. So, yeah, that was, like, in all probability probably the most emotional second within the scene is after they put the true child on high of me. And the child was so cute.

GROSS: Yeah, whose child was it? I at all times surprise, how do you get infants for a film?

CRUZ: Nicely – yeah. And that child was 1-month-old, nevertheless it was very tiny, so it regarded like a couple of days previous. And the mom – and the mom and the daddy of all these infants which are within the film, they have been very – they have been trusting us. Each time I work with kids, I spend lots of time with them, additionally with the households. I make it possible for they really feel snug with us, that there isn’t a hazard for them in any method, you recognize, with all of the tools round. Like, I like being with them as a lot as doable.

GROSS: So I need to quote one thing that Pedro Almodovar says within the press package for “Parallel Moms.” He stated – and I quote – directing her – Penelope Cruz – “directing her has been a meticulous course of the place I wanted her to give up herself to me, as if in a state of hypnosis. I contained the flood of tears. Penelope may be very emotional, and she or he would have been crying from begin to end. And she or he knew change the tears with the precise quantity of guilt and disgrace in a state of fixed alarm.” What does it imply when he says he needed you to give up your self to him as if in a state of hypnosis?

CRUZ: Nicely, I at all times try this once I’m working with him. Generally once I’m working with different administrators and so they do not need to rehearse, they do not need to block time to rehearse or for no matter cause, it would not occur – since you go from one film to the following. And I take the time to arrange with my appearing instructor. And I like that point of analysis, however I do not work with my appearing instructor once I’m with Pedro as a result of I arrive to the set, like, empty, from zero. I learn the story. I begin – after all, I can not cease desirous about it after I learn it and and I include proposals or concepts of how I see it.

However I come, like, actually open to hear and to know what he needs as a result of he’ll give us that point. He gave us – like on this film, it was, like, 4 months or extra of rehearsals. And it was very needed on this case as a result of Milena and I, we have been so touched and affected by the script and the characters and what occurs to them that we’d begin studying a scene with Pedro and we might instantly begin crying. And we couldn’t management it. It was simply transferring a lot within us. And he stated, that is wonderful. I do know we’ve to undergo this course of, however these are your individual tears and they don’t seem to be those of the characters. And in my case, for Janis, we specific ourselves in very other ways. My character is extra – in a state of affairs just like the one she goes via, I might be crying, like, 20 occasions a day, however she would not. She would not. She expresses that in a really totally different method.

And to get to that time the place I may have the ability to do a few of these scenes with out exploding, with out crying, with out expressing these feelings in a method that’s extra acquainted to me, that took time. That took time to simply, like, undergo issues and digest issues as a result of Pedro has constructed one thing that’s nearly a thriller generally. It is nearly movie noir. It is nearly like such an unbelievable adrenaline, proper? He couldn’t have gotten that if all of us would have been in a state of – I can not say despair as a result of they’re determined, however the way in which they specific it, they can’t – there can’t be a launch within the type of tears till that block within the film the place she decides to make a confession.

BIANCULLI: Actress Penelope Cruz chatting with Terry Gross final December. Extra after a break. That is FRESH AIR.


BIANCULLI: That is FRESH AIR. Let’s get again to Terry’s interview from final December with actress Penelope Cruz. She stars in Pedro Almodovar’s “Parallel Moms” and has been nominated for an Oscar as greatest actress.


GROSS: I need to speak with you about one other theme within the film, and that could be a far more political theme, and it has to do with reckoning with the legacy of the Spanish Civil Conflict, wherein the fascists received, resulting in a decades-long dictatorship of Francisco Franco. How political was your loved ones once you have been rising up? Since you have been born the yr earlier than Franco died. So that you did not reside below his dictatorship, however your loved ones did, and everyone older than you probably did.

CRUZ: I used to be born in ’74. And I imply, the remainder of the ’70s – too younger to recollect. However within the ’80s, there was actually, like, a sense within the yr of, like, likelihood for freedom, freedom of expression. Like, what would occur to me – and I do not say this as a result of it sounds good due to my relationship with Pedro. That is very actual. Once I was within the ’80s and I began to find Pedro’s movies and watch a few of his interviews – not a lot the a part of the Movida, you recognize, that I additionally did not expertise as a result of I used to be very younger. However to listen to his message, I at all times noticed him as far more than an incredible director, a genius director, however far more than that as a result of I keep in mind being little or no and asking myself – feeling this man may very well be and must be our president, you recognize?

GROSS: (Laughter).

CRUZ: I might keep in mind, like, being somewhat lady and seeing him additionally as some sort of political determine as a result of it was so essential to have any person like that in these years, that via artwork and thru his message was inspiring that freedom and people values.

GROSS: Yeah. Can I simply interrupt and say that he was a part of – he was a significant a part of what was often called La Movida, which was, like, the motion. And this was, like, after Franco’s dying, when artists have been not going to be censored, there was this, like, outburst of latest inventive, vigorous artwork that – my understanding is – I do know once I talked to Antonio Banderas, who’s additionally labored with Almodovar, he talked about how this motion had, like, punk rock and sexuality, pleasure, coloration, LGBTQ characters, and Almodovar was well-known for that. You recognize, he was one of many first filmmakers to have LGBTQ characters being simply individuals, not like – this can be a downside, or this is a matter. They have been simply, like, individuals within the movie.

CRUZ: Precisely. And that is possibly what I imply by that, that even when I used to be not a part of La Movida, and Movida was – part of it was actually loopy. However there was one thing else behind it that was his message and what he was doing via his artwork that was, like, so respectful and inclusive and revolutionary, you recognize, for these years in our nation – possibly simply not in our nation, for the world, to have any person that speaks his thoughts like that and what he has achieved with girls from the start, the respect and adoration to girls, the understanding of ladies as a result of he has been raised by very sturdy, unbelievable girls, the mom, the sisters and neighbors. And he has been observing them, you recognize, as somewhat child, at all times observing the key conversations and the conduct. And so I used to be somewhat lady, however I used to be choosing up all these issues in him.

GROSS: You needed to fulfill Almodovar so badly. You needed to be in his movies. You used to – once you have been younger – I do not know the way previous. You possibly can inform me. You used to face outdoors of his residence, I assume, hoping to catch a glimpse of him. Did you see him once you would – how previous have been you – did you see him once you have been doing that? And did he see you? Did he assume you have been a stalker?

CRUZ: No. I imply, the primary time, I used to be actually obsessed together with his movies, so generally I might go to the cinema or to a bar, to a spot. And I might say to my mates, you are going to see – we will see Almodovar at this time. I’ve a sense. They usually have been like, oh, right here you go along with your, like, instinct factor – blah, blah, blah. After which he would stroll within the door. And this occurred, like, two or thrice with him. However we’d not speak as a result of we did not know one another. And I used to be too shy to return as much as him and say something.

After which he noticed my first two motion pictures. And he referred to as me. And I used to be drying my hair at residence, and any person instructed me, Almodovar is on the cellphone. And, after all, I assumed it was a joke as a result of it was such a very particular dream that I’ve had for therefore a few years. They usually stated, no, he is ready on the cellphone. It is true. So I picked up the cellphone. And from whats up, I felt like, oh, there was my longtime pal that I had not seen shortly. And we related in an unbelievable method. He referred to as me to go to his home to do – to learn some scenes for his subsequent movie. However he instructed me I used to be too younger as a result of I used to be at all times mendacity about my age at that time, saying that I used to be older. And he stated, I’ll write to you one other character in one other movie quickly. And he put it in writing. He gave me a letter, lovely letter. After which he referred to as me for “Dwell Flesh.” And “Dwell Flesh,” even when it was 10 minutes within the movie, it opened so many doorways for me.

GROSS: So in Almodovar’s movie “Ache And Glory,” you play the mom of a boy who turns into an acclaimed filmmaker in Spain. And there is a twist on that, which I will not give away. It is a great film, and I need individuals to see the surprises within the film as they unfold. However moms so usually determine into his movies. And he appears to simply have such deep feelings about moms and, I assume, about his mom. Did you meet his mom once you have been enjoying his mom?

CRUZ: No, as a result of she was not with us anymore, sadly. However I met her a few years in the past after they have been giving an award to Pedro, and all of us went to the ceremony with him. And naturally, I attempted to spend as a lot time as doable together with her. And we have been speaking about Pedro, and she or he began to cry speaking to me. And she or he stated that she was very emotional for a way properly issues have been going for him and for that award and that she was terrified when Pedro determined to give up his job on the phone firm within the ’80s as a result of she thought that was a very protected path for him and that he was risking every thing however that he was proper, and now he was joyful doing all these motion pictures. And that – for me, that second was such a present, you recognize, to listen to these phrases from her.

It made me perceive a lot about his persona, his charisma. She was actually humorous. A number of his humor comes from her. She’s so unique. Like, you by no means knew what she was going to say. And it is the identical with Pedro. You go to dinner with him, and he is like – he may say something. Like, he’s going to essentially shock you in some unspecified time in the future, however he would not do it on objective. Surprising, I do not imply when it comes to, like, oh, my – no, in a really refreshing, lovely method as a result of his humor is considered one of a form. However yeah, that second that I had together with his mom actually helped me to arrange later the function in “Ache And Glory” as a result of I understood lots about him and his childhood and his mother via that point we spent collectively.

GROSS: You studied ballet for a few years. You recognize, I consider ballet as being so conventional and with lots of issues that you must conform to. You must do the steps a sure method. A number of ballet academics need your hair to be a sure method and your physique to be a sure method – and the distinction between that and, say, Almodovar’s movies the place there’s so many – such a variety of characters who do not conform to social guidelines. And he loves these characters for that. So it appears like two reverse ends of tradition.

CRUZ: Yeah, however I feel if I would not have had that background and that self-discipline of the world of ballet, classical ballet, I do not know the way I might have dealt with a number of the strain of a number of the motion pictures, particularly being very younger. I really feel like every thing appeared simpler after coming from ballet, you recognize, if you end up, like – your ft are bleeding, and your toenails are bleeding, however you must maintain smiling. All the pieces else appeared simpler in comparison with that. However I cherished it a lot.

GROSS: You initially got here to the U.S. to review English. Was it exhausting to be taught it? English is a – I feel, a really tough language, has all these guidelines. However it’s all these exceptions to the rule. So it is usually, like, not useful.

CRUZ: Yeah (laughter), I used to be at all times combating with all of the academics. That was the factor that was driving me loopy at first. However no, why? Clarify to me why. What’s the logic?

GROSS: (Laughter).

CRUZ: However I like this language, so – I simply love languages. I like them a lot, and I hope I can be taught many extra.

GROSS: So that you’re married to Javier Bardem, and also you’re each in new motion pictures now. You are, after all, in “Parallel Moms,” and he is in “Being The Ricardos” enjoying Desi Arnaz. So how did you first meet? Did you meet on set?

CRUZ: So we met once I was 17 and he was 21, and we have been doing our first film collectively. So, you recognize, it is, like, 30 years in the past that we all know one another – very long time (laughter).

GROSS: You have not been married practically that lengthy (laughter). What number of years after you met did you grow to be a pair?

CRUZ: No, no, no. We have been collectively, like, 15 years, however we all know one another for – you recognize, we might been mates earlier than that.

GROSS: Have you ever labored collectively since turning into a pair?

CRUZ: We love working collectively however not one thing that I might need to do yearly. That’s, like – infrequently. However I feel he is such an unbelievable actor. I like working with him. And naturally, it makes all of the logistic additionally simpler. However we do not need to drive it in any route. If one thing else seems that’s proper and we really feel is true and is the correct second, we’ll. However we aren’t looking for issues to do collectively on a regular basis. I feel, in a method, it is simply, like, a pure response to guard the connection.

GROSS: Nicely, I need to thanks a lot for speaking with us.

CRUZ: No, I thanks. Thanks a lot for this dialog.

BIANCULLI: Penelope Cruz chatting with Terry Gross final December. She’s up for an Oscar as greatest actress for her function in “Parallel Moms.”

After a break, we’ll hear from one other of this yr’s Oscar hopefuls – greatest actor nominee Javier Bardem, who’s up for his function as Desi Arnaz in “Being The Ricardos.” Additionally, movie critic Justin Chang evaluations two motion pictures up for Academy Awards within the class of greatest worldwide characteristic. I am David Bianculli, and that is Contemporary Air.


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