As Ukraine war rages, fear over safety of terminally ill children | Russia-Ukraine war News


Medics at a hospital in Zaporizhzhia make preparations as they brace for a Russian assault on the town in jap Ukraine.

Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine – Two weeks in the past, Nastiya left her city of Vasylivka in jap Ukraine to carry her five-year-old son Volodymyr to a hospital within the metropolis of Zaporizhzhia, additional north.

The boy was affected by inside bleeding and was in a important situation. He has since improved however the mom and son can’t return dwelling.

On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered troops to assault Ukraine by air, land and sea. Ukraine’s resistance has been fierce, repelling assaults on the capital, Kyiv, and different main cities, however battles have intensified in latest days.

Vasylivka is likely one of the cities which can be being closely fought over by defending Ukrainian forces and advancing Russian troops. Individuals who tried to enter the city to ship support instructed Al Jazeera they had been turned again by the Ukrainian military due to the Russian shelling.

“In fact I’m apprehensive, I’ve three different youngsters at dwelling,” Nastiya instructed Al Jazeera’s Charles Stratford, standing beside Volodymyr’s hospital mattress.

“There was shelling and they’re hiding within the basement.”

INTERACTIVE Russia-Ukraine map Who controls what in Ukraine DAY 8
(Al Jazeera)

Elsewhere contained in the hospital, new child infants in incubators line the hall. Docs have moved them right here to defend them within the case of Russian shelling.

“This space is protected against shrapnel if there’s a blast so we put the infants right here,” defined Vyacheslav Kapusta, a health care provider on the hospital. “It’s deep contained in the constructing between two partitions.”

Within the hospital’s chilly and damp basement, workers are making ready beds for a attainable transport of sufferers.

“All of them have terminal ailments,” Igor Buiny, an anaesthetist, instructed Al Jazeera from contained in the intensive care unit.

“They’re incurable so we have now to depart them right here in case of an air alert as a result of they’re depending on oxygen and resuscitation gear and we can’t transport every little thing mandatory for them there.”

Outdoors the hospital, volunteers are filling sandbags to strengthen doorways and shield the home windows if shells explode close by.

As Russian troops transfer additional into Ukraine, civilians have been organising to assist struggle alongside Ukrainian troopers, the tempo extra pressing for the reason that military stated this week Russian tank columns are lower than 40km (25 miles) away.

Armed volunteers are additionally able to be taken to positions across the metropolis, and extra women and men arrive, ready to enroll to struggle.

“I don’t need my household killed. I received’t enable them to march on our land. They’re the occupiers and they need to be eradicated,” one man instructed Al Jazeera.

Russia insists its forces are solely concentrating on navy infrastructure, however reviews from the bottom counsel a mounting civilian dying toll. The United Nations says it has confirmed the deaths of a minimum of 227 civilians and 525 folks injured as of midnight on March 1, however warns the true toll is probably going a lot increased.

Safety of Chernobyl and nuclear reactors in Ukraine


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He Jiankui speaks during an interview

He Jiankui ought to bear some duties for the youngsters whose genomes he edited, say scientists.Credit score: Mark Schiefelbein/AP/Shutterstock

Scientists are debating what to do forward of He Jiankui’s presumably imminent launch from jail. In 2018, He shocked the world by asserting that he had created the first-ever ‘CRISPR infants’. Outstanding bioethicists Qiu Renzong and Lei Ruipeng have known as on the Chinese language authorities to arrange a analysis centre devoted to making sure the well-being of the three youngsters born with edited genomes. Qiu and Lei suggest that He, alongside the college with which he was affiliated and the federal government, ought to bear major monetary, ethical and obligation for the well being and well-being of the youngsters. Critics are involved that this method would impinge on the youngsters’s privateness and freedom.

Nature | 6 min learn

Hundreds of teachers walked out of universities in the UK this week to protest in opposition to poor pay, unmanageable workloads and cuts to their future pensions. “Earlier than, workers had been indignant, now they’re like: ‘I’m carried out with it,’” says vascular biologist Lopa Leach. “We’re simply on the finish of our tether, actually.” The row is prone to escalate additional. On 22 February, the board that oversees the pensions scheme on the coronary heart of the controversy — the Universities Superannuation Scheme — voted to ratify proposed cuts and reject a union counterproposal.

Nature | 5 min learn

Yesterday, Russian forces captured space across the defunct Chernobyl nuclear energy plant, stories Reuters. However observers say there’s little hazard of nuclear materials being launched from the decaying reactor because of the battle. “I believe so long as there’s not a deliberate assault, the danger is comparably low,” says nuclear engineer Bruno Merk.

The larger concern, argues nuclear-policy analyst James Acton, is for Ukraine’s 4 lively nuclear energy crops. “To place it merely, nuclear energy crops usually are not designed for battle zones,” Acton writes. Though the danger is small, particularly compared with the human struggling sure to come up from the battle, a reactor is likely to be focused inadvertently, and security personnel might have hassle reaching the positioning of an accident. “For Ukrainian nuclear energy plant workers, merely travelling to work could also be a harmful act — making it probably difficult to make sure the reactor will be operated safely.”

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Learn extra: Ukrainian scientists concern for his or her lives and future amid Russian menace (Nature | 5 min learn)

Options & opinion

Waves of infections with the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 are receding in lots of areas world wide. However scientists are nonetheless struggling to grasp the way it unfold so quickly and what it would do subsequent, particularly as a result of the subvariant generally known as BA.2 is rising in some locations. Their key questions embody what makes Omicron so transmissible, why it causes much less extreme illness than different variants and the way they’ll feed what they do know into the struggle in opposition to future variants.

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A cosmologist faces the arduous truths implicit within the scale of the Universe within the newest quick story for Nature’s Futures sequence.

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Palaeontologists have unearthed fossilized fish that counsel the asteroid that killed off the dinosaurs struck in spring. The fossils come from Tanis, a exceptional website in North Dakota, which some scientists assume captured what occurred simply hours after the asteroid crashed.

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Reference: Nature paper

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QUOTE OF THE DAY

Greater than 100 invited audio system and mathematical societies wrote to the Worldwide Mathematical Union on 20 February to induce it to not maintain one of many discipline’s most high-profile occasions, the Worldwide Congress of Mathematicians (ICM), in Russia in July 2022. (New Scientist | 3 min learn)

Family, friends of motorcyclist killed in wrong-way crash call for safety measures


Motorcyclists begin their engines Saturday at Hatch Park in North Salt Lake in reminiscence of Greg Workman, who died final week after he was hit and killed by a wrong-way driver on the I-15 freeway. (Mengshin Lin, Deseret Information)

Estimated learn time: 6-7 minutes

NORTH SALT LAKE — Katie Workman mentioned she desires to make it clear that the collision that killed her brother was not attributable to him being a younger, reckless motorcyclist. She mentioned he was “extremely security aware” and was carrying hundreds of {dollars} of security gear on the time and was expert at biking.

However he did not stand an opportunity when a motorist driving the flawed manner on the I-15 freeway all of a sudden appeared, hitting and killing him on Feb. 20.

Troopers say such wrong-way crashes have gotten extra widespread in Utah. Family and friends of Greg Workman on Saturday referred to as for extra prevention measures throughout a vigil for him at Hatch Park, not removed from the freeway the place he died.

“I am unable to do something, and none of us can, to carry my brother again. However we are able to possibly do one thing to make a distinction about this sooner or later as a result of there’s a number of fundamental coverage that Utah hasn’t applied,” Katie Workman mentioned.

Stephan Burgin was using with Greg Workman and was proper behind him when he was hit. They had been laughing over Bluetooth headsets, with Burgin speaking about how chilly it was and the way Workman was all equipped whereas Burgin was solely carrying a sweatshirt and tennis footwear. Burgin mentioned he put his head down for only a second, laughing at one thing Workman mentioned.

“And it was once I seemed up, I noticed the headlights,” Burgin recalled. “And I simply, my prompt response was to twitch and swerve over and I ended up simply barely moving into that No. 1 lane. And as quickly as I straightened out, I seemed in my mirror and I simply noticed an enormous cloud. After which I noticed his physique flying within the air.”

The motive force hit Workman’s bike and two different vehicles, troopers mentioned, after getting onto I-15 going the flawed manner.

Katie Workman, the sister of Greg Workman, who died in a wrong-way accident on Feb. 20, speaks at the vigil for Greg at Hatch Park in North Salt Lake on Saturday.
Katie Workman, the sister of Greg Workman, who died in a wrong-way accident on Feb. 20, speaks on the vigil for Greg at Hatch Park in North Salt Lake on Saturday. (Photograph: Mengshin Lin, Deseret Information)

“I am by no means going to know if what occurred to Greg was preventable, however we are able to … be certain that that is preventable to another person, so they do not must undergo this,” Katie Workman mentioned.

Among the many security measures she want to see applied are reducing sure signage, as a result of drunk drivers usually tend to be trying down, and placing flashing lights on wrong-way indicators. She additionally mentioned that there are alternatives for sensors on off-ramps that may alert legislation enforcement if somebody drives the flawed manner and indicators that mild as much as alert folks on the street when there’s a wrong-way driver on the street.

She inspired everybody on the vigil to achieve out to legislators and allow them to know that this is a matter that’s necessary to them. She mentioned that there must be a “Greg Workman invoice.”

Utah Freeway Patrol Cpl. Andrew Battenfield mentioned wrong-way crashes have been rising, however he would not know why.

In 2022 to date there have been 28 deadly crashes, three of these, together with the one which killed Workman, had been wrong-way deadly crashes, Battenfield mentioned. Two of the three had been on a freeway and had been dealt with by UHP. In 2021 there have been 297 deadly crashes in Utah, 15 of which had somebody touring the flawed manner, and in 2020 there have been 340 deadly crashes, 17 of which had been flawed manner.

He mentioned particularly on a freeway, a wrong-way crash might be very tragic, as a result of it results in a head-on crash with the drive from the velocity of each automobiles.

“You do not at all times see lengthy distances on I-15. … You might be actually shocked by what is correct on prime of you with a wrong-way driver,”

Tasha Clark cries during the vigil to in memory Greg Workman, who died in a wrong-way accident on Feb. 20, at Hatch Park in North Salt Lake on Saturday.
Tasha Clark cries through the vigil to in reminiscence Greg Workman, who died in a wrong-way accident on Feb. 20, at Hatch Park in North Salt Lake on Saturday. (Photograph: Mengshin Lin, Deseret Information)

Battenfield mentioned that in case you see a automobile going the flawed manner towards you, you need to decelerate and get to the alternative aspect of the street. He urged drivers to concentrate on the street, and to name 911 in the event that they see anybody shifting the flawed manner on both aspect of the street, and be as detailed as attainable concerning the location so troopers can reply as shortly as attainable.

“These valuable seconds could make the distinction between you having the ability to react shortly to a wrong-way automobile,” he mentioned.

Battenfield mentioned that they’re nonetheless trying into whether or not the driving force who was going the flawed manner on this collision was impaired. The motive force was taken to the hospital after the crash and has not but been charged with any crimes because the case remains to be being investigated.

He mentioned that UHP is not going to chase a automobile going the flawed manner, however there are procedures troopers can use to aim to decelerate such automobiles, forcing them off the street or getting the automobile to crash to a cease when the roads are empty. He mentioned the maneuver is harmful, however it might probably save lives. Such a maneuver was only recently utilized in a separate wrong-way driver incident.

Daniel and Tasha Clark, each riders in Workman’s bike group, additionally referred to as for extra prevention measures to cease wrong-way driving. Daniel Clark mentioned he desires to see legislation enforcement do extra to forestall rushing, distracted driving and drunk driving. He mentioned motorcyclists perceive that using a bike is extra harmful, and {that a} crash with a automobile goes to be detrimental, which is why they drive cautiously.

Together with wrong-way driving, rushing and distracted driving might be very harmful as nicely, particularly when driving round bikes.

“Drivers have to pay extra consideration to us on bikes,” Tasha Clark mentioned.

Katie Workman mentioned that in a dialog together with her brother a number of months in the past, he advised her that if something occurred to him, he can be OK. She mentioned that she is aware of he’s OK now.

“It is necessary to me that you simply all know that he was gentle and candy, even when he was a rascal. And Greg had much more to provide all of us, and it sucks that we’re not going to have that, however I do know that we’re all going to be OK,” she mentioned.

Dozens of people gather at a vigil to in memory Greg Workman, who died in a wrong-way accident on Sunday, at Hatch Park in North Salt Lake on Saturday.
Dozens of individuals collect at a vigil to in reminiscence Greg Workman, who died in a wrong-way accident on Sunday, at Hatch Park in North Salt Lake on Saturday. (Photograph: Mengshin Lin, Deseret Information)

Dallas Ray Workman talked about how his son was security aware and advised tales the place he went above and past what others would do to make it possible for they had been protected on the roads with a trailer or whereas driving in snow. He mentioned his son knew rather a lot about security and about bikes.

“I do imagine Greg is completely satisfied, and I do imagine Greg is being taken care of wherever he’s,” he mentioned.

Tasha Clark mentioned that the motorcycling group is tight knit, they usually take into account others within the group to be household, which makes the lack of Workman exhausting on the group.

“Greg will at all times be remembered,” she mentioned. “He is at all times going to be with us. He is using up there with all people.”

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Caregivers find remote monitoring during COVID-19 pandemic an unexpected patient safety benefit — ScienceDaily


In an opinion article showing on-line Feb. 25 within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation, authors from College Hospitals and Case Western Reserve College write concerning the surprising affected person security profit ensuing from distant monitoring of sufferers in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Peter Pronovost, MD, PhD, Melissa Cole, MSN, and Robert Hughes, DO, focus on that though COVID-19 positioned extreme psychological and ethical stress and work calls for on sufferers, clinicians, well being care organizations and society, the pandemic additionally superior affected person security in an surprising approach.

Previous to the pandemic, routine monitoring of sufferers with steady pulse oximetry and coronary heart charge gadgets was depending on the affected person’s location inside a hospital, normally the intensive care unit (ICU). Pulse oximeters are small digital gadgets that clip onto a finger and measure the saturation of oxygen carried in crimson blood cells. Research have proven that monitoring with these gadgets is related to diminished demise charges.

Because the pandemic flooded hospitals with sufferers and stuffed ICUs, many sufferers obtained care outdoors of the ICU in emergency departments or normal medical and surgical models. And, some medical facilities suggested sufferers with milder signs to remain residence.

“One of many main classes gained from the pandemic was that sufferers might now be monitored based mostly on dangers and desires relatively than location within the hospital,” stated Dr. Pronovost, Chief High quality and Scientific Transformation Officer at UH and Scientific Professor of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medication at Case Western Reserve Faculty of Medication. “Residence monitoring and hospital at-home fashions supply the potential to remodel care and doubtlessly permit a considerable proportion of hospitalized sufferers to obtain care from residence.”

Of their paper, the authors assessment advantages of distant monitoring within the hospital and at residence, discover the expertise advances that made it attainable, describe how authorities cost coverage modifications made residence monitoring sustainable, and focus on what well being methods might do to launch a house monitoring program.

Ms. Cole, Vice President of Built-in Supply Operations at UH, stated that steady distant monitoring of hospitalized sufferers on the whole medical settings not solely improves outcomes, however will increase accuracy.

“Technological advances have made it attainable to observe a few of these sufferers both at residence or in expert nursing services. Issues similar to wi-fi displays, cloud-based platforms and telehealth have allowed well being methods to seamlessly use at-home steady pulse oximeters to observe sufferers and assist them keep away from hospitalizations,” stated Ms. Cole.

The authors write that an evaluation projected distant monitoring to be doubtlessly related to a decrease mortality charge in COVID-19 sufferers in contrast with sufferers with out at-home monitoring: “…a mortality charge of 6 per 1,000 sufferers with COVID-19 in contrast with 26 per 1,000 sufferers with out at-home monitoring.” They write that this evaluation additionally projected 87 % fewer hospitalizations, 77 % fewer deaths, and diminished per-patient prices of $11,472 in contrast with normal care.

“The mixed use of telehealth, residence well being, and distant monitoring might convey some hospital-level-monitoring providers to sufferers of their residence,” stated Ms. Cole.

Regardless of these advances, nevertheless, the authors discover that broad hospital and residential monitoring providers aren’t extensively utilized by well being methods. They define a number of obstacles that well being methods should overcome.

“Well being methods want to think about implementing steady pulse oximetry and coronary heart charge monitoring for all hospitalized sufferers and emergency division sufferers,” stated Dr. Hughes, Medical Director of System Operations and Logistics for UH and Assistant Professor of Emergency Medication at Case Western Reserve Faculty of Medication. “With elevated census, sicker sufferers and decreased staffing for many medical roles, sufferers are at heightened danger for unrecognized deterioration. Steady monitoring with a centralized workforce to observe might enhance security and cut back workload on clinicians,” he stated.

Different suggestions are for well being methods to create a service line to coordinate this work, to maximise worth by studying how you can mix and combine these varied applied sciences, and to create protocols for choosing and enrollment that match the affected person’s dangers and desires with the assorted forms of monitoring.

At College Hospitals, Ms. Cole stated experiences from the pandemic helped pave the best way in 2021 for UH’s Hospital@Residence program, the primary of its type within the well being system.

“Throughout the early days of the pandemic, we launched UHRemote, a distant affected person monitoring system that allowed us to maintain tabs on COVID-19 sufferers’ heartrate and blood oxygenation ranges. A workforce of nurses, every with a number of screens, watched dashboards of affected person knowledge and obtained alerts from wearable gadgets if a affected person’s numbers have been too excessive or too low. We discovered a lot from the greater than 2,200 sufferers we cared throughout that yr, and sometimes heard how grateful they have been to not be remoted from household and alone within the hospital. We mixed the experiences from UHRemote with the many years of expertise of our Residence Well being groups, added in just a few extra providers, and UH Hospital@Residence was born,” she stated.

OSHA, citing Covid failures, moves to strip three states of workplace safety authority.


The Occupational Security and Well being Administration stated Tuesday that it was taking steps that might strip three states — Arizona, South Carolina and Utah — of their authority to control office security, citing shortcomings in insurance policies on coronavirus safety.

Beneath federal regulation, states can assume accountability for occupational security if the federal government approves their plan for doing so and if the plan stays at the very least as efficient as federal enforcement.

Federal officers stated Tuesday that the three states had did not undertake a rule that OSHA issued in June — or to undertake one at the very least as efficient — requiring sure Covid-related security measures by employers, like offering protecting tools.

“OSHA has labored in good religion to assist these three state plans come into compliance,” Jim Frederick, the company’s performing director, stated on a convention name. “However their continued refusal is a failure to keep up their state plan dedication to 1000’s of employees of their state.”

Emily H. Farr, the director of South Carolina’s Division of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, expressed disappointment within the motion, saying that the state’s program had “confirmed efficient as South Carolina has constantly had one of many lowest harm and sickness charges within the nation.”

Arizona’s governor, Doug Ducey, stated in an announcement that its office security regulator had informed OSHA that it believed the state was already in compliance with the brand new rule and that it had promptly initiated a rule-making course of to “overview the mandate” as soon as the federal company knowledgeable the state that it was not in compliance.

Gov. Spencer J. Cox of Utah stated in an announcement that the state had beforehand expressed concern to the Labor Division that the rule would place an undue burden on the well being care trade. The state rejected the conclusion that its plan was much less efficient than the federal plan.

Twenty-eight states or territories have OSHA-approved plans for implementing office security. The place no plan has been accepted, OSHA retains major authority.

The motion comes as OSHA prepares to launch a rule mandating that firms with 100 or extra employees require staff to be vaccinated or to undergo weekly Covid-19 testing. Some states have indicated that they may problem the rule, although the authorized foundation for doing so seems weak.

OSHA, which is a part of the Labor Division, will publish a discover within the Federal Register saying its proposal to rethink and revoke approval of the three states’ self-regulation plans. There will probably be a 35-day remark interval on the proposal earlier than it may be finalized.

Seema Nanda, the Labor Division solicitor, stated that on account of the method, the states’ authority to control office security might be revoked completely or partially, reminiscent of for sure industries.