Tokyo court convicts former Ghosn aide in Nissan trial | Business and Economy News


Greg Kelly was discovered responsible of serving to former Nissan CEO Carlos Ghosn conceal pay from monetary regulators.

A Tokyo court docket on Thursday convicted Greg Kelly, a former consultant director at Nissan Motor, of serving to ex-CEO Carlos Ghosn conceal pay he was meant to speak in confidence to monetary regulators.

In a ruling learn out in court docket, the choose informed Kelly that he had assisted Ghosn in concealing some 9.3 billion yen ($80m) in funds that weren’t disclosed in monetary reviews over the span of a decade.

The choose discovered that Kelly was not conscious of all 9.3 billion yen ($80.46 million) of hidden funds over the interval, blaming Toshiaki Ohnuma, an official who oversaw particulars of Ghosn’s compensation, for a number of the misreporting. Ohnuma, who was a key witness for the prosecution, was not placed on trial in return for his cooperation.

“The court docket finds the existence of unpaid remuneration” and the failure to reveal “the grand complete” amounted to “false” reporting, the choose informed Kelly in court docket.

The choose sentenced the American former Nissan government to 6 months in jail, suspended for 3 years. The ruling means Kelly, who’s entitled to enchantment, will be capable to instantly return to the USA.

“Whereas this has been an extended three years for the Kelly household, this chapter has come to an finish. He and Dee (his spouse) can start their subsequent chapter in Tennessee,” US ambassador to Japan Rahm Emmanuel mentioned in a press release.

Kelly’s authorized workforce argued through the trial at Tokyo District Courtroom that Kelly was looking for authorized methods to pay Ghosn to cease him from leaving for a competitor.

Prosecutors had requested that Kelly be sentenced to 2 years in jail. They alleged Ghosn, Kelly, and Nissan underreported Ghosn’s compensation in filings over eight years by to 2018.

The judgement – on the finish of an 18-month-long trial and greater than three years since his arrest alongside Ghosn – stands out as the closest a Japanese court docket will get to rule on the culpability of Nissan’s ex-chief.

Ghosn, who has proclaimed his innocence and harshly criticised the Japanese justice system over its near-perfect conviction charge, is past the attain of Japanese prosecutors after fleeing to Lebanon in 2019 hidden in a field on a non-public jet.

First US Capitol rioter on trial ‘lit the match’, prosecutor says | Courts News


Man Wesley Reffitt is the primary of tons of charged with becoming a member of the January 6 Capitol rebel to face trial.

The primary particular person to be tried for final 12 months’s lethal assault on the US Capitol “lit the match that began the fireplace”, a United States prosecutor has alleged, as opening statements started on Wednesday within the trial of Texas militia group member Man Wesley Reffitt.

Reffitt was armed with a holstered handgun and zip-tie handcuffs, and was sporting physique armour and a helmet adorned with a video digicam, when he and others charged at cops on the west aspect of the Capitol on January 6, 2021, prosecutors have mentioned.

“The defendant was the tip of this mob’s spear,” federal prosecutor Jeffrey Nestler advised jurors in his opening assertion, saying Reffitt led different rioters up the Capitol’s stairs to “overwhelm” police and storm the constructing.

“Within the defendant’s personal phrases, he lit the match that began the fireplace,” Nestler mentioned.

Former President Donald Trump
The Capitol riot passed off shortly after ex-President Donald Trump delivered an incendiary speech in Washington, DC, falsely claiming the election was stolen from him [File: Jacquelyn Martin/AP Photo]

Reffitt was one of many 1000’s of people that stormed the US Capitol after former US President Donald Trump delivered a fiery speech wherein he falsely claimed the presidential election had been stolen from him resulting from widespread fraud.

Trump was later impeached for “incitement of rebel” in relation to the riot, which passed off as Congress was assembly to certify President Joe Biden’s election victory.

4 individuals concerned within the incident died on the day of the violence; one was fatally shot by police and the opposite three died of pure causes. A Capitol police officer who had been attacked by protesters died the next day, whereas 4 cops who took half within the defence of the Capitol later died by suicide.

Greater than 100 cops additionally have been injured within the riot.

Reffitt, who has pleaded responsible to the fees in opposition to him, is the primary particular person to face trial for becoming a member of the assault on the Capitol, as prime US officers have pledged to carry everybody who participated within the riot accountable.

Some 200 defendants have already pleaded responsible to becoming a member of the mob, which despatched lawmakers working for his or her lives. They face prices starting from illegal picketing to seditious conspiracy, with which 11 individuals affiliated with the anti-government Oath Keepers militia have been charged in January.

On Wednesday, Reffitt’s defence lawyer advised jurors that the Division of Justice’s case in opposition to his consumer was primarily based on “plenty of hype” and a “rush to judgement” in opposition to a person who’s vulnerable to bragging, exaggerating and ranting.

“He makes use of plenty of hyperbole, and that upsets individuals,” mentioned William Welch. “This trial might be about truth versus hype.” Welch additionally mentioned there isn’t any proof that Reffitt broken property, used drive or bodily harmed anyone.

The storming of the US Capitol
Some 200 defendants have already pleaded responsible to becoming a member of the mob, which despatched lawmakers working for his or her lives [File: John Minchillo/AP Photo]

“He by no means tried to assault anybody. He didn’t assist anyone else commit an assault,” Welch mentioned throughout opening statements that have been considerably shorter than the prosecutor’s 30-minute presentation.

However Nestler, the US prosecutor, mentioned on Wednesday that Refitt advised a pal he needed to tug Democratic Home of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi out of the constructing. “I simply need to see Pelosi’s head hitting each f*****g stair” of the constructing, he advised the pal, in keeping with Nestler.

Reffitt is a member of the “Texas Three Percenters” and bragged about his involvement within the riot to different members of the militia-style group, in keeping with prosecutors.

Prosecutors consider Reffitt took an AR-15 rifle and a Smith & Wesson pistol with him when he drove to Washington, DC, with a fellow militia member. FBI brokers who searched Reffitt’s house after the riot discovered a handgun in a holster on a nightstand in his bed room.

Reffitt has pleaded not responsible to 5 prices, together with carrying a semi-automatic handgun that he introduced with him whereas on Capitol grounds. He additionally faces prices of obstruction for allegedly threatening his teenage kids with hurt in the event that they turned him in to the authorities.

Reffitt’s estranged son Jackson, now 19, turned him into the FBI. The son will testify in opposition to his father at trial, Nestler mentioned.

‘Huge impact’: First January 6 US Capitol riot trial begins | Courts News


The primary trial for one of many a whole bunch of US Capitol riot defendants has begun, with jury choice beginning on Monday for the case in opposition to Man Wesley Reffitt.

The Texas man is charged with bringing a gun onto Capitol grounds, interfering with cops guarding the constructing, and threatening his teenage kids in the event that they reported him to authorities.

Reffitt’s trial might be a bellwether for a lot of different Capitol riot circumstances, authorized consultants have stated. A conviction would give prosecutors extra leverage in plea talks with rioters dealing with essentially the most severe prices. An acquittal might lead others to attend for their very own day in courtroom.

Reffitt “really is the canary within the coal mine,” stated Gregg Sofer, a former federal prosecutor who served as US lawyer for the Western District of Texas from October 2020 to February 2021.

“It’ll actually be fascinating to see how robust a case the federal government has and whether or not or not they’re counting on proof that, when pushed and examined, stands up. It’s going to have a huge effect going ahead,” Sofer, now a associate at a legislation agency, advised The Related Press information company.

Greater than 750 individuals have been charged with federal crimes associated to the riot, which Democrats usually describe as an rebellion that aimed to violently stop the certification of President Joe Biden’s election victory.

Greater than 200 of them have pleaded responsible, principally to misdemeanours carrying a most sentence of six months imprisonment. Greater than 100 riot defendants have been sentenced. And a minimum of 90 others have trial dates this 12 months.

Former President Donald Trump was impeached by the US Home of Representatives for “inciting” the riots.

Reffitt is a member of a militia-style group referred to as the “Texas Three Percenters”, in keeping with prosecutors. The Three Percenters militia motion refers back to the delusion that solely 3 % of Individuals fought within the Revolutionary Warfare in opposition to the British.

On January 6, 2021, Reffitt was armed with a handgun in a holster on his waist, carrying zip-tie handcuffs and sporting physique armour and a helmet geared up with a video digicam when he and others charged at cops on the west aspect of the Capitol, in keeping with prosecutors.

Prosecutors imagine Reffitt took a minimum of two firearms with him to Washington: an AR-15 rifle and a Smith & Wesson pistol. When FBI brokers searched Reffitt’s dwelling in Wylie, Texas, they discovered a handgun in a holster on a nightstand within the defendant’s bed room. Prosecutors say photographs and video of Reffitt through the riot present a handgun holster on his proper hip, with what seems to be a silver object contained in the holster.

On the morning of January 6, Reffitt stated he deliberate to “do the recon after which come again for weapons sizzling” and despatched messages about assembly at a “rendezvous level,” in keeping with prosecutors.

“These messages, together with the weapons that Reffitt carried and the gear he wore, clarify that the defendant didn’t come to DC with the intention to interact in peaceable exercise,” prosecutors wrote.

The siege resulted within the deaths of 5 individuals, together with a police officer. The Division of Justice has stated greater than 235 rioters have been charged with assaulting or impeding legislation enforcement, injuring greater than 100 officers. Rioters brought on greater than $1m in injury to the Capitol.

Philadelphia-based defence lawyer Justin Danilewitz, who was a federal prosecutor in New Jersey from 2012 to 2017, stated a conviction in Reffitt’s case might result in a flurry of responsible pleas by different riot defendants.

“And that may profit defendants every now and then as a result of it’s higher than the choice if the choice is a conviction following a trial,” Danilewitz added.

An acquittal might encourage different defendants to “dig of their heels” and both push for a greater plea provide from prosecutors or gamble a trial of their very own, he stated.

Defence lawyer William Welch has stated there isn’t any proof that Reffitt broken property, used power or bodily harmed anyone. In a Could 2021 courtroom submitting, Welch stated not one of the movies or photographs exhibits a gun in Reffitt’s possession on the Capitol.

“In reality, neither of the cops interviewed by the federal government stated something a few firearm,” he wrote.

Reffitt has been jailed since his arrest in Texas lower than every week after the riot. He faces 5 counts: obstruction of an official continuing, being unlawfully current on Capitol grounds whereas armed with a firearm, transporting firearms throughout a civil dysfunction, interfering with legislation enforcement officers throughout a civil dysfunction, and obstruction of justice.

The obstructing justice cost stems from threats that he allegedly made in opposition to his son, then 18, and daughter, then 16, after returning dwelling from Washington. Reffett advised his kids to “select a aspect or die” and stated they might be traitors in the event that they reported him to legislation enforcement, prosecutors stated.

Clinical trial shows promising results for patients with intermediate risk — ScienceDaily


A College of Cincinnati medical trial that added an immunotherapy drug to plain of care therapy regimens has proven elevated survival charges for head and neck most cancers sufferers with intermediate threat options.

Trisha Sensible-Draper, MD, led the trial and was the lead creator on a paper detailing its findings that was not too long ago printed in Scientific Most cancers Analysis, a journal of the American Affiliation for Most cancers Analysis.

Concentrating on the immune checkpoint

Sensible-Draper stated the trial centered on including a drug, pembrolizumab, to sufferers’ typical customary care of remedies. Pembrolizumab, bought underneath the model identify Keytruda, is an antibody utilized in most cancers immunotherapy that treats a wide range of cancers, together with head and neck. The drug targets a pair of receptors that often work to show off the human immune system when the immune system has completed a job of preventing off a international substance that causes illness.

“As soon as the virus or an infection is cleared, you need to have a technique to flip your individual immune system off, to inform it that the an infection is gone and it is time to settle down,” defined Sensible-Draper, affiliate professor of medication within the Division of Hematology/Oncology in UC’s School of Medication, Head and Neck Heart of Excellence co-leader, medical director of the College of Cincinnati Most cancers Heart Scientific Trials Workplace and Lab and a UC Well being doctor.

Tumor cells have discovered to kick the receptors that shut the immune system system off into overdrive, which blocks immune cells from recognizing that tumor cells are international objects that the physique ought to assault. Pembrolizumab, nevertheless, blocks the interplay and retains immune cells working, which in flip results in the immune cells attacking cancerous cells like they’re alleged to.

The drug has been developed as a therapy for a number of cancers, and Sensible-Draper stated it has proven early success as a therapy for head and neck cancers which have unfold or returned after preliminary therapy, with early research reporting effectiveness for about 20% of sufferers handled.

“And though we’re cautious to say remedy, it does lead to what is named ‘sturdy responses,'” she stated, explaining which means sufferers have a very good response to therapy for much longer than anticipated, typically for years, “which was an enormous development over chemotherapy the place they might have solely been efficient for say 9 to 10 months at most,” Sensible-Draper stated.

The speculation

With the early knowledge trying promising, the UC medical trial was in search of to search out if the drug would work as an preliminary therapy that might stop the most cancers from recurring. Sufferers with head and neck most cancers — which can be handled with the usual surgical procedure, radiation and probably chemotherapy if threat components warrant it — sometimes see the cancers return about 30%-50% of the time, Sensible-Draper stated.

“So as a substitute of ready for them to return again, may we attempt to stop them from coming again? If the most cancers got here again, they had been a lot tougher to remedy the second time and had plenty of failure in that group,” she stated. “So we requested if we may add this immunotherapy, the pembrolizumab, and reduce that threat of most cancers coming again.”

Sensible-Draper stated the trial was additionally designed to look at why some sufferers reply to pembrolizumab whereas others don’t. To perform this purpose, tissue and blood samples had been collected earlier than and after administering the drug to investigate components that contributed to sufferers responding to the therapy.

The trial

Sufferers enrolled within the trial got one dose of the drug earlier than surgical procedure and had been evaluated for threat standing and grouped into intermediate- and high-risk groupings after surgical procedure. A affected person is taken into account excessive threat if a part of the tumor remains to be left behind after surgical procedure or is just not contained in a lymph node.

All sufferers continued to obtain the suitable customary of care (radiation alone for intermediate threat or radiation and chemotherapy for prime threat), with six extra doses of pembrolizumab additionally administered after surgical procedure.

Sensible-Draper stated the drug brought about tumors to start to die earlier than surgical procedure in almost 50% of sufferers, a greater charge than what was discovered when the drug was given for metastatic or recurrent head and neck most cancers.

“We may see that plenty of these tumors had been dying even after that first dose of pembrolizumab,” Sensible-Draper stated. “That was fairly thrilling, as a result of that was larger than we anticipated.”

Lower than 70% of sufferers within the intermediate group who had been handled with radiation alone after surgical procedure had been sometimes illness free one 12 months following therapy, however greater than 95% of sufferers within the trial reported one-year disease-free survival when handled with each radiation and pembrolizumab.

“We had an enormous enchancment in that, so we noticed that pembrolizumab was positively rising their probability of survival, no less than in comparison with historic controls,” Sensible-Draper stated.

Within the group of sufferers the place the drug started to kill the tumor previous to surgical procedure, 100% reported one-year disease-free survival.

“It was a very sturdy predictor of sufferers who’re going to do properly on this therapy,” Sensible-Draper stated. “Hopefully that’s going to assist us design trials to higher perceive who’s going to reply and who is just not.”

A dependable predictor for sufferers that can doubtless do properly on the therapy can even assist decide how remedies may be adjusted for sufferers who obtain surgical procedure, pembrolizumab, chemotherapy and radiation and don’t reply properly to the therapy.

“That is actually the place the analysis goes now’s attempting to grasp what are these biomarkers between the responders versus the nonresponders and the way we are able to develop new and higher focused therapies,” Sensible-Draper stated. “We now have a few recognized markers that can assist us going ahead, however we’re nonetheless doing plenty of analysis in that space.”

Subsequent steps

Harvard College researchers have carried out a research just like UC’s that confirmed related success, and the profitable findings of those trials present {that a} randomized Section III medical trial is price pursuing. Pharmaceutical firm Merck is within the means of conducting a randomized trial evaluating sufferers who obtain pembrolizumab along with their customary of care versus sufferers who obtain the usual of care solely.

“That might be a a lot bigger research that can assist present if pembrolizumab really advantages these teams,” Sensible-Draper stated of the Merck research.

Analysis at UC into pembrolizumab as a head and neck most cancers therapy is ongoing, with a subsequent spherical of analysis being designed to learn the way remedies may be extra customized to every affected person. Tumor traits and biomarkers that may assist predict whether or not a affected person will reply to a sure therapy may be analyzed earlier than surgical procedure, with extra particular therapy plans hopefully main to higher outcomes.

“It has been extraordinarily thrilling to see sufferers do properly on this research and seeing their survival improve realizing what the historic charges had been, in addition to simply with the ability to have a profitable research generally is fairly thrilling,” Sensible-Draper stated. “A whole lot of these developments I did not anticipate to occur so shortly in my profession, so it is actually been an thrilling course of for all of us. Hopefully there’s extra to return.”

If the drug continues to show secure and efficient, Sensible-Draper stated it’s going to mark a “big enchancment” in comparison with the present customary of care that may nonetheless result in a 50% recurrence charge. There’s even a chance that sufferers wouldn’t want their therapy plan to incorporate surgical procedure, she stated.

“If we have now a therapy that’s much less poisonous, perhaps we are able to reduce down on the morbidity of surgical procedure and radiation in addition to the chemotherapy,” Sensible-Draper stated.

Defendant Guy Reffitt goes to trial in Capitol insurrection case : NPR


The U.S. authorities says in its affidavit that this picture exhibits Man Reffitt rinsing his eyes exterior the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021, carrying a blue jacket over a tactical vest and a helmet with a digital camera.

Division of Justice


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Division of Justice


The U.S. authorities says in its affidavit that this picture exhibits Man Reffitt rinsing his eyes exterior the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021, carrying a blue jacket over a tactical vest and a helmet with a digital camera.

Division of Justice

Practically 14 months after a mob of Trump supporters stormed the U.S. Capitol, the primary trial of a defendant charged in reference to the lethal assault opens Monday in federal court docket.

Man Reffitt, a Texas man who authorities say belongs to the self-styled Three Percenter militia motion, is charged with 5 counts, together with obstruction, civil dysfunction and getting into Capitol grounds with a firearm. He has pleaded not responsible.

The trial in U.S. District Court docket in Washington, D.C., is a milestone within the Capitol riot investigation, which officers say is without doubt one of the largest and most complicated in American historical past. To date, virtually 750 folks have been charged and round 220 have pleaded responsible. Of these, greater than 100 have already been sentenced.

The courthouse is simply down the road from the Capitol, the place on Jan. 6, 2021, a pro-Trump mob punched its method by means of police strains and into the constructing as lawmakers have been assembly inside to certify Joe Biden’s election win.

The violent assault, which left greater than 100 law enforcement officials injured, briefly disrupted the certification of the Electoral School depend.

Reffitt would be the first Jan. 6 defendant to take his case to trial. It’s anticipated to start Monday morning with jury choice and final round one week.

Prosecutors say Reffitt performed a “important and harmful function” in riot

Prosecutors say Reffitt drove from his house in Wylie, Texas, to Washington, D.C., for Jan. 6 occasions and introduced an AR-15 rifle and a Smith & Wesson pistol with him.

The federal government alleges in court docket papers that on Jan. 6, Reffitt performed a “important and harmful function” by main a gaggle of rioters up the steps of the Capitol to problem police guarding the complicated. Reffitt solely retreated, prosecutors say, after being hit with pepper spray.

Movies from the scene that day present a person authorities have recognized as Reffitt on the steps of the Capitol utilizing water to flush his eyes. He is seen carrying a helmet with a GoPro-style digital camera connected and a blue coat over a black tactical-style vest.

The U.S. authorities says in its affidavit that this picture exhibits Reffitt exterior the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021, carrying a blue jacket over a tactical vest and a helmet with a digital camera.

Division of Justice


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Division of Justice


The U.S. authorities says in its affidavit that this picture exhibits Reffitt exterior the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021, carrying a blue jacket over a tactical vest and a helmet with a digital camera.

Division of Justice

The Justice Division says that when Reffitt returned to Texas after Jan. 6, he warned his spouse, son and daughter that “they’d be traitors” in the event that they reported him to the authorities.

“Traitors will get shot,” he allegedly advised them.

FBI brokers interviewed Reffitt’s spouse, son and daughter. The federal government has mentioned it expects to name each of Reffitt’s youngsters to testify. It additionally plans to name U.S. Capitol Law enforcement officials who engaged with Reffitt on the steps of the Capitol, in addition to FBI brokers and Secret Service brokers.

Reffitt was arrested in January 2021 and has remained in authorities custody since then.

He faces 4 prices straight associated to the occasions of Jan. 6: obstructing an official continuing; unlawfully being on Capitol grounds with a firearm; transporting firearms throughout a civil dysfunction; and interfering with regulation enforcement throughout a civil dysfunction.

He is additionally charged with obstruction of justice associated to the threats he allegedly made towards his household after returning house.