Twitter Ban Nigeria


“The protests started and gained appreciable momentum because of social media,” 23-year-old journalist Eniafe Momodu advised BuzzFeed Information. “It was most likely the primary time numerous the older era of Nigerians, together with most of our authorities officers, actually understood the ability and impression of social media.”

Even earlier than #EndSARS, although, the Nigerian authorities, underneath the administration of Buhari, has been persistent in its makes an attempt to determine social media restrictions. In 2019, the anti-social media invoice, which sought to criminalize using social media in “peddling false or malicious info,” was proposed. The invoice was opposed by members of the general public, who launched petitions whereas calling it a bid to additional police the inhabitants, and was finally killed.

Earlier than that, in 2015, one other now-withdrawn piece of laws named the Frivolous Petitions (Prohibitions) Invoice was launched lower than a 12 months after Buhari got here into energy. The proposed legislation threatened as much as seven years in jail or a $25,000 advantageous for anybody discovered responsible of publishing “false info that might threaten the safety of the nation.”

The Twitter ban and threats to prosecute are unlawful in response to Nigeria’s structure, the Common Declaration on Human Rights, and the African Constitution on Human and Peoples’ Rights, human rights lawyer Ridwan Oke advised BuzzFeed Information.

“All of them discuss the identical factor, which is the appropriate to freedom of expression. They’re inalienable rights,” mentioned Oke.

A number of human rights organizations have spoken out in opposition to this ban, with the Socio-Financial Rights and Accountability Mission taking the federal authorities to the Financial Neighborhood of West African States courtroom, with 176 involved Nigerians becoming a member of in to file the lawsuit.

The transfer to dam Twitter has obtained assist from former US president Donald Trump, who recommended that he ought to have completed the identical factor whereas he was in workplace and accused social media platforms of “not permitting free and open speech.”

It could be onerous to quantify how a lot this ban is affecting the tens of millions of people that take into account Twitter to be a significant useful resource. Nigerians we spoke to have shared that they’re feeling upset, anxious, or afraid, and most say they’re nonetheless in disbelief.

“When the ban was introduced, I felt scared, like one thing dangerous was going to occur and we’d not be capable of attain out for assist,” Olapeju Jolaoso, a 28-year-old enterprise proprietor, advised BuzzFeed Information. “My first clients have been off Twitter. Now I’m simply scared to tweet from my enterprise account; I’m scared that they may harass me. It is scarier as a result of you possibly can’t predict their subsequent line of actions,” she continued.

Including to her frustration is the truth that Jolaoso, who had a community of distributors on Twitter, has needed to transfer her on-line enterprise operations to different apps like Telegram and Fb.

However Twitter’s benefits additionally relaxation on the security and group it offers for ladies and queer people — each closely marginalized teams within the nation. Somi, a Nigerian nonbinary, trans lady, considers this ban to be an enormous detriment.

“Twitter is a spot I turned to search out buddies and group,” mentioned the 19-year-old, who’s at the moment crowdfunding for his or her medical transition. “To search for recommendation and encouragement with out judgment from the skin world. It was right here I [used my voice] and I received all the assistance I wanted.”

For 21-year-old queer liberation activist and author Ani Kayode Somtochukwu, the potential impression on LGBTQ Nigerians who see social media apps like Twitter to flee is large.

“For us, social media is not only about comfort in organizing — it’s also about security. We can’t legally collect with out being focused by the legislation,” he mentioned.

In Nigeria shows of affection with members of the identical intercourse is an offense that carries a 10-year jail time period.

Somtochukwu additionally mentioned that if the ban continues, LGBTQ Nigerians will endure.

“It should imply the lack of group, the lack of entry to typically life-saving info, lack of entry to assist in instances of want,” he mentioned.

For Nigerian girls, Twitter has been useful within the combat in opposition to inequality and the rising violence perpetrated in opposition to them. Campaigns just like the Yaba Market March, which sought to combat the tradition of groping and sexual harassment, have discovered their lives on Twitter.

“This has turn out to be an area for shared alternatives, a spot to name in opposition to the violation of our rights, to offer emotional assist, and many others.,” defined PR marketing consultant and activist Ebele Molua. “We wrestle to search out an outlet to maintain ourselves in a society that doesn’t care in regards to the human rights and the progressiveness of marginalized teams.”

Facebook, Google and Twitter limit Russian ads : NPR


Meta, Fb’s mum or dad firm, says the choice to bar Russian state media from earning profits on its platform is available in response to the invasion of Ukraine.

Tony Avelar/AP


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Tony Avelar/AP


Meta, Fb’s mum or dad firm, says the choice to bar Russian state media from earning profits on its platform is available in response to the invasion of Ukraine.

Tony Avelar/AP

Fb and YouTube are blocking Russian state media from operating advertisements on their platforms, whereas Twitter is suspending all promoting in Ukraine and Russia, as stress mounts on tech platforms to answer Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Nathaniel Gleicher, head of safety coverage at Fb, tweeted on Friday: “We at the moment are prohibiting Russian state media from operating advertisements or monetizing on our platform wherever on the planet.”

On Saturday, Google-owned YouTube mentioned it was additionally suspending a number of Russian state-media channels, together with RT, from earning profits from advertisements. As well as, the net video platform is limiting suggestions to these channels and is obstructing them totally in Ukraine on the request of the Ukrainian authorities, in accordance with a YouTube spokesperson.

Late on Saturday, Google mentioned it was “pausing” the power of Russian state-funded media to earn money by means of Google’s ad providers as effectively.

“We’re actively monitoring new developments and can take additional steps if obligatory,” Google spokesman Michael Aciman mentioned.

Twitter, which banned promoting from state-controlled media in 2019, additionally took motion, saying on Friday it was quickly pausing all advertisements in Ukraine and Russia “to make sure important public security info is elevated and advertisements do not detract from it.”

Russian regulator accuses Fb of censoring its state information shops

The promoting suspensions come as U.S. tech firms are being squeezed by the Kremlin’s ongoing effort to tighten its grip on communication and stifle dissent.

On Friday, Russia’s communications regulator accused Fb of censoring the official accounts of Zvezda, a TV channel run by the Russian protection ministry, the state-owned RIA Novosti information company, and two information websites, Lenta.ru and Gazeta.ru. In retaliation for what the regulator described as violations of Russian legislation and human rights, it mentioned it was limiting entry to Fb within the nation.

In response to that declare, Meta’s vice chairman of worldwide affairs Nick Clegg mentioned Russian authorities had ordered the corporate to cease labeling and fact-checking posts from 4 Russian state-owned media organizations.

“We refused. Because of this, they’ve introduced they are going to be limiting the usage of our providers,” Clegg mentioned in a statement. “Strange Russians are utilizing our apps to specific themselves and manage for motion. We wish them to proceed to make their voices heard, share what’s occurring, and manage by means of Fb, Instagram, WhatsApp and Messenger.”

It isn’t clear what the Kremlin’s restrictions on the world’s largest social community will entail or in the event that they may also apply to Meta’s different apps, together with Instagram and WhatsApp. Whereas Fb doesn’t disclose what number of customers it has in Russia, final yr a ballot discovered 9% of respondents mentioned they used the social community, and 31% mentioned they used Instagram.

On Saturday, Twitter said that it was “being restricted for some folks in Russia” and that it was “working to maintain our service secure and accessible.”

Final yr, Russia throttled entry to Twitter after the corporate allegedly ignored requests to take down some posts and threatened comparable motion towards Fb and Google. In December, a Russian courtroom fined Meta 2 billion rubles, or about $27 million, for failing to take away content material that Russia says violates its legal guidelines.

Stress mounts in U.S. for Silicon Valley to crack down on Russia

Silicon Valley firms are additionally going through stress at residence to restrict the unfold of deceptive info and propaganda in regards to the battle and to take a more durable stance towards Russia.

Sen. Mark Warner, D-Va., this week despatched letters to Meta, Twitter, Google mum or dad Alphabet, TikTok, Reddit and Telegram urging them to guard their platforms from Russian affect operations.

“We are able to anticipate to see an escalation in Russia’s use of each overt and covert means to sow confusion in regards to the battle and promote disinformation narratives that weaken the worldwide response to those unlawful acts,” Warner wrote.

Meta has created a particular operations middle to observe the battle in Ukraine and take away content material that breaks its guidelines. Twitter says it is “proactively reviewing” tweets to detect manipulation, establish false and deceptive info, and defend high-profile accounts of journalists, activists, and authorities officers and businesses. Each firms have additionally posted suggestions for customers to guard their accounts towards hacking and safe their privateness.

YouTube says it has taken down a whole bunch of channels and 1000’s of movies in latest days for violating its insurance policies, together with guidelines towards “coordinated misleading practices.”

Editor’s word: Meta pays NPR to license NPR content material.



How China Uses Bots and Fake Twitter Accounts to Shape the Olympics


This text is printed with ProPublica, the nonprofit investigative newsroom.

BEIJING — Contained in the Potemkin village of China’s propaganda, the Winter Olympics have unfolded as an unalloyed success, a celebration of sports activities and political concord that has obscured — critics say whitewashed — the nation’s flaws and rights abuses.

At Beijing 2022, the hills are snowy, not brown as regular this time of 12 months. A Uyghur skier is the image of nationwide unity, the tennis participant Peng Shuai only a curious spectator. Athletes and overseas journalists reward the well mannered volunteers and marvel on the high-speed trains and the robots that boil dumplings and blend drinks.

Whereas China’s management of what its home viewers and readers eat is effectively established, the nation has unfold its personal model of the Video games past its borders, with an arsenal of digital instruments which are giving China’s narrative arguably better attain and extra subtlety than ever earlier than.

With bots, faux accounts, real influencers and different instruments, China has been in a position to selectively edit how the occasions have appeared, even exterior the nation, selling all the things that bolsters the official, feel-good story concerning the Winter Olympics and making an attempt to smother no matter doesn’t.

“For the Chinese language Communist Occasion, the Winter Olympics are inseparable from the broader political objective of increase the nation’s nationwide picture,” stated David Bandurski, director of the China Media Challenge, a monitoring group. Referring to the nation’s chief, he added: “That is what Xi Jinping has referred to as ‘telling China’s story effectively.’”

On Twitter, which is banned in China, Chinese language state media retailers and journalists, in addition to diplomats, have tried to buff the picture of the Video games, raving about venues and cooing over the Olympic mascot.

China has additionally sought to affect on-line discussions in additional hid methods. The New York Instances and ProPublica recognized a community of greater than 3,000 inauthentic-looking Twitter accounts that gave the impression to be coordinating to advertise the Olympics by sharing state media posts with equivalent feedback, for example. Such accounts tended to be lately created with only a few followers, tweeted largely reposts and nothing of their very own, and appeared to function solely to amplify official Chinese language voices.

A few of their efforts have centered on an account referred to as Spicy Panda, which has been posting cartoons and movies to push again in opposition to requires a boycott of the Olympics. In a single cartoon, Spicy Panda accused america of wielding “its deceiving propaganda weapon to stain the Olympics.”

The tweet was reposted 281 instances, all by the fake-looking accounts, however acquired little different engagement, a robust indication that the community was mobilized to advertise the message. Except for the bursts of promotion, Spicy Panda’s posts concerning the Olympics acquired virtually no consideration.

An evaluation of Spicy Panda’s supporters turned up 861 accounts — 90 p.c of which had been created after Dec. 1. The accounts’ first wave of coordinated posts pushed Beijing’s stance that Hong Kong’s legislative council elections had been reputable, although critics have referred to as the vote a sham. Then the accounts turned their consideration to the Olympics. (By Thursday, all however one of many accounts had been suspended, shortly after The Instances and ProPublica requested Twitter about them.)

Spicy Panda seems to have a reference to iChongqing, a state media-linked multimedia platform based mostly in Chongqing, a metropolis in central China. The accounts that shared Spicy Panda’s posts typically did the identical with tweets by iChongqing’s account. IChongqing didn’t instantly reply to a request for remark.

Different botlike accounts promoted hashtags that appeared geared toward drowning out criticism of China, an indicator of earlier campaigns.

They promoted content material beneath hashtags like #Beijing2022 and #TogetherForASharedFuture, this 12 months’s official Olympic motto. Some accounts repeatedly posted tweets with equivalent wording, akin to: “China’s internet hosting of the #Beijing2022 as scheduled has boosted the world’s confidence in defeating the pandemic.”

Twitter stated in an emailed assertion that it had suspended a whole bunch of the accounts recognized by The Instances and ProPublica for violations of its platform manipulation and spam insurance policies. It stated it was persevering with to analyze the accounts’ hyperlinks to state-backed data operations.

Even the Video games’ official mascot, Bing Dwen Dwen, a cuddly panda in a go well with of ice, has been the topic of an organized marketing campaign on Twitter, in line with Albert Zhang, a researcher on the Australian Strategic Coverage Institute’s Worldwide Cyber Coverage Middle.

Hundreds of latest or beforehand inactive accounts have helped the mascot go viral, he stated — which China’s state media offered as proof of the mascot’s recognition and, by extension, that of the Video games.

“If you wish to push out loads of content material on one thing just like the Beijing Olympics, that is a simple solution to do it,” Mr. Zhang stated. He added that the marketing campaign now underway was like others sponsored by the Chinese language state to push Beijing’s narrative on subjects akin to Covid-19 and the crackdown on Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang.

The data house inside China will not be not like the frilly measures which have created the “closed loop” that retains athletes, journalists and different members strictly segregated from most people.

Contained in the “closed loop” of official propaganda, the state fastidiously curates virtually something peculiar Chinese language individuals see or learn. The impact has been an Olympics freed from scandal or criticism or unhealthy information.

When america males’s hockey group performed an overmatched Chinese language group, the sport was not proven on the primary state tv sports activities channel, CCTV 5, and the 8-0 defeat was talked about solely glancingly in information experiences. A state media slide present dedicated to the boys’s determine skating competitors conspicuously omitted the gold medalist, Nathan Chen of america.

In Chinese language footage of the Video games, the mountains the place many competitions are being held have been deftly framed to exclude the dry, brown slopes within the background, till Day 8 when a snowstorm lined them in a frosting of white.

One of many greatest political tales of those Video games has additionally unfolded exterior China’s web firewall: the looks of Peng Shuai, the skilled tennis participant and three-time Olympian who created a furor when she accused a senior Communist Occasion chief of sexually assaulting her.

The president of the Worldwide Olympic Committee, Thomas Bach, met her for dinner, as he promised he would when the worldwide outcry over her destiny threatened to overshadow the Video games. Ms. Peng has appeared at curling and determine skating, amongst different occasions. None of that was proven inside China, the place all references to her accusations have been erased, together with later statements attributed to her, saying she had been misunderstood.

“It’s completely essential to know that this isn’t simply one other narrative,” Mr. Bandurski of the China Media Challenge stated of the Olympics. “It’s a story that suggests widespread censorship and the manipulation of public opinion, which is definitely coverage.”

Jack Stubbs, vice chairman of intelligence at Graphika, a social media monitoring firm, stated his agency had noticed one other Chinese language propaganda community utilizing overseas social media platforms.

The community has unfold movies emphasizing the Olympics as environmentally pleasant and crooning about strengthening Chinese language-Russian ties, punctuated by President Vladimir V. Putin’s attendance on the opening ceremony.

China has defended its use of Twitter and Fb, platforms that it bans at residence. A overseas ministry spokeswoman, Hua Chunying, stated final 12 months that such websites had been an “additional channel” to fight destructive portrayals within the West.

One American firm, Vippi Media, based mostly in New Jersey, signed a $300,000 contract with the consulate basic of China in New York to assist promote the Video games, in line with the corporate’s submitting with the Justice Division beneath the International Brokers Registration Act.

Underneath the contract, first reported by the analysis group Open Secrets and techniques, the corporate has been selling the Video games by recruiting “social media stars” to put up on Instagram, YouTube and TikTok, the corporate’s founder, Vipinder Jaswal, stated in a phone interview.

“They had been very clear and I used to be very clear that it’s concerning the Olympics and the Olympics solely, nothing to do with politics,” he stated.

As soon as the Video games started, the drama of the sports activities themselves dominated consideration. Protests over China’s human rights document haven’t materialized, as some activists hoped. Quite the opposite, many athletes have heaped reward.

“If you actually meet the individuals right here and speak to them,” Jenise Spiteri, the American snowboarder competing for Malta, stated in a state media interview, “everybody has an excellent coronary heart.”

Spicy Panda tweeted a state media report about one other American competitor, the freestyle skier Aaron Blunck. In remarks posted by the official China Every day newspaper, Mr. Blunck praised China’s Covid protocols.

“#AaronBlunck revealed the true China that’s completely completely different from what some American media have stated!” Spicy Panda’s put up learn.

Steven Lee Myers reported from Beijing, Paul Mozur from Seoul, and Jeff Kao from New York. Claire Fu and John Liu contributed analysis.

Truth Social, Donald Trump’s social media app, launches year after Twitter ban : NPR


Over a yr in the past, former President Donald Trump acquired booted from social media websites owned by Meta and Twitter. He vowed to create his personal, and Fact Social launched on Monday.



RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

Simply over a yr in the past, former President Donald Trump acquired booted from social media websites, together with YouTube, Fb and Twitter. He then vowed to create his personal platform. He calls it Fact Social. And it launched yesterday. I talked earlier with NPR tech reporter Bobby Allyn about it.

BOBBY ALLYN, BYLINE: So there was tons of curiosity. The app was launched Monday morning and rapidly shot to the highest of Apple’s most downloaded listing. However many individuals, myself included, who tried to test it out have been caught in a form of tech doom loop. You realize, there have been these electronic mail confirmations that have been promised and by no means arrived. You’d put in a code and get an error message. This was broadly reported throughout Twitter and different social media. Those that have been capable of make accounts have been positioned on a wait listing, with some a whole lot of hundreds of individuals in entrance of them.

MARTIN: Bless you for doing that for the sake of journalism, Bobby.

ALLYN: (Laughter).

MARTIN: So simply remind us the bigger context right here. Twitter, after all, banned Trump. However say extra about his agenda with this app.

ALLYN: Yeah. Precisely. So you already know, since he was banned from Twitter, Fb and YouTube after statements he made urging supporters to storm the Capitol, you already know, he has needed to begin his personal Twitter-esque service. And he is enlisted former Congressman Devin Nunes to steer the hassle. Nunes just lately went on Fox Information to speak up Fact Social. He says all of the bugs shall be labored out by the tip of March and that it is all about, you already know, giving folks their voice again and making a social media platform that is not managed by a giant Silicon Valley firm. And let me remind you, this can be a actually crowded area, Rachel. There’s, like, half a dozen different conservative-leading, you already know, social media apps attempting to tug folks away from the Twitters and Facebooks of the world.

MARTIN: Proper. So he has competitors. Even Donald Trump has competitors in that area. So does this app, then – with Trump’s identify connected to it, does it have any form of shot of breaking by?

ALLYN: Definitely has a really highly effective publicity machine. I imply, Trump allies, like representatives Marjorie Taylor Greene and Matt Gaetz, are speaking it up, so is Fox Information star Sean Hannity. It has raised a whole lot of hundreds of thousands of {dollars}. So given these huge names and its sizable fundraising, you already know, it does have potential. However specialists I talked to are fairly uncertain that it’s going to ever come anyplace near changing Twitter. This is Hunter School professor Jessie Daniels, who research on-line extremism.

JESSIE DANIELS: I believe a part of what he has discovered so helpful, particularly about Twitter, is that it each is relied upon by journalists as a supply, and it is utilized by an actual cross part of individuals politically. And so Twitter turns into a form of target-rich setting.

ALLYN: In different phrases, Fact Social may not be that, proper? Twitter has some 300 million customers and many totally different views, a lot of viral squabbles. And if a platform is usually like-minded folks, you already know, principally an echo chamber, you may not have these fights that make Twitter create so many headlines.

MARTIN: Though, it will possibly serve to animate his base, could not it?

ALLYN: That is true. No, that could be very true. you already know? However, you already know, there’s additionally solely so many individuals concerned with a non-mainstream different to Twitter.

MARTIN: Yeah.

ALLYN: So it is form of, you already know, are these folks actually – who’re at different websites going to go to Trump’s new website? And I’ll be aware right here, Rachel, that I checked out the app’s phrases of service. And there’s one factor that’s prohibited on Fact Social, and that’s, quote, to “disparage, tarnish or in any other case hurt” the backers of the location. And I think about meaning Donald Trump.

MARTIN: NPR’s Bobby Allyn. We admire your reporting on this, Bobby. Thanks.

ALLYN: Thanks, Rachel.

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How to Copy your Mac in 2022

Whether or not Time Machine regularly backs up your Mac, creating a full duplicate (clone or mirror) of its data is a good practice before installing macOS updates. For a one-time clone or frequent backups, use Carbon Copy Cloner 6 (£29.90, bombich.com). Previous versions work with Mojave and older.

Catalina and Big Sur alter the clone restoration process. It’s preferable to install macOS first, then migrate from the copy, and that’s the only method for M1 Macs. That eliminates the need to clone the System volume, but CCC may do so if desired.

CCC offers several possibilities. We teach you how to exclude things that should be copied individually and take snapshots for file recovery. Test your clone by restoring test items.

How to properly clone your Mac

1 Set the source level

Select Tasks in the sidebar and name the new, empty backup job. To use your Mac’s starting disk as the source for your clone, click the Source button and choose Macintosh HD.

2 Set the goal

Check that the destination volume has enough space to store the utilized space from the source. Then pick the disk with enough free space to accommodate the clone.

(3) Repeat or not

If you wish this cloning to be repeated automatically, click Automation. For backups or remounting intermittently connected MacBooks, a daily clone is ideal.

4 Plan the schedule

Set the run time for when your Mac isn’t in use if you leave it running overnight. If it’s going to sleep, you may have the backup job wake it up or not. A weekend is optional.

5 Set exclusions

Click Task Plan at the bottom of the main window to exclude things from the clone. Keep separate copies of large files like Virtual Machines that change often.

Option 6: Advanced

Advanced users may execute scripts before and after copying using CCC. You may now alter the priority of its copying jobs while using your Mac.

7 Do a dry run

Before starting the initial clone, verify that copying works as expected. CCC will perform a dry run without copying any files and predict the precise size. Corrections now.

8 Prepare source snapshots

Take frequent pictures. In the sidebar, choose Macintosh HD – Data or simply Data. Turn on CCC to take a picture of each volume copy.

9 Snapshot resa

For most users, CCC’s default snapshot preservation strategy is appropriate. Customize the policy, but keep an eye on the space utilized.

10 clone it

After that, right-click the task in the sidebar and choose Run Now to create the first clone. The CCC then displays the clone’s progress graphically and estimates its completion time.

Observe tasks 11

After cloning, pick the completed job and click the Task Trends button to view a summary of activities. To repeat the process, click the Start button on the main window.

12 System clone

To create a complete bootable backup of your System disk, click on the Destination icon and choose the Legacy Bootable Backup Assistant option.

A LOT OF

10 min

LEARNING

To restore files by copying them

NEEDS

macOS 10.15 or later, external storage, Carbon Copy Cloner 6